Flashcards in Quiz 1 Deck (50)
Total incarcerated in prisons and jails
People on probation
Black to White Ratio in Sentencing
5.6 : 1
Hispanic to White Ratio
1.8 : 1
Juveniles in Custody
State Corrections Expenditures
Michigan spends on corrections
Incarcerated in michigan
Prison population in US since 1980
300k to 1.5 million
US makes up about ___of the world’s population yet has about ____ of the world’s incarcerated population
____ incarcerated per 100,000
Over ____ federal prisoners are there for drugs
Women’s incarceration population has grown
(50%) than the men’s incarceration population
Incarceration per 100,000
463 white, 2841 black
1 : ___ men will be incarcerated
1: ____ white men, 1 : ___ Black
9, 17, 3
56, 111, 18
Incarceration rate going ___ fairly steadily, even though violent crime rate has been dropping steadily. The rates co-vary independently of one another.
Much of our beliefs about punishment are social constructions that are created and shared through social media without any research evidence to support claims.
Appeals to popular emotion rather than thorough investigation.
The New Penology
New penology adopts an actuarial approach in which specialists assess the risks of specific criminal subpopulations and recommend strategies to control those particular groups.
Controlling certain populations and groups, like locking up drug dealers. Not individuals, but groups. ‘Street level criminals are more dangerous than white collar criminals’
Powdered cocaine vs. Crack Cocaine
Traditional penology stemmed from criminal law and criminology, with an emphasis on punishing and correcting individuals.
Emphasis on retribution: You deserve to be punished
Protestant fundamentalism and intolerance
Politicization of criminal justice
Racialization of crime and punishment
1 gram of crack is equal to 100 grams of cocaine
Drug scares: reefer madness
Society of spectacle vs. society of surveillance
We want to watch these things, like true crime shows and celebrity murder cases. Jeffrey Dahmer
power and control
Identifies power and control of surveillance by the state. We are being controlled in ways we don’t even know.
culture and meaning
We are attracted to crime and punishment because it separates us from them, it sets boundaries
the law of retaliation or retribution. A form of revenge.
under medieval law, the money paid by offenders to compensate victims and the state for a criminal offense
Code of Hammurabi
Mesopotamia (Modern Iran and Iraq)
Comprehensive and standardized laws
282 laws with specified crimes and punishments
Fair retribution “eye for an eye”
Discriminatory; distinguished among punishments by social class.
The Twelve Tables (450 B.C.) were earliest attempt to document Roman Law. Codes designed to protect the interests of wealthy and the commoners.
Justinian Codes (529 A.D.) – a collection of past laws (the Twelve Tables) and the opinions of legal jurists. Serves as foundation for civil law.
Early Germanic law that replaced Roman Law. Comprised largely of fines or wergild.
Based on a clearly defined class system area, quantified by the wergild associated with each of them.
Higher class = less punishment
The more powerful the victim of a crime, the more severe the fine or punishment.