Flashcards in Quiz 1 Deck (107)
Created by vibration traveling through a medium (air) to the ear of the listener
A sound-producing vibration that oscillates (beats) at a definite and prescribed rate of speed
Ex. The pitch A = 440 MHz (bps)
The distance in frequency between 2 pitches, either upward (higher) or downward (lower)
Generally described as 'large' or 'small'
Natural phenomenon dictated by the physics of sound; fundamental property of sound recognized by all musical cultures
The interval between 2 pitches (2:1 frequency ratio)
What is the frequency ratio of an octave? What does this mean?
The higher of the two pitches vibrates at twice the speed of the lower
The man-made division of the octave into 12 equal intervals
The man-made division of the octave in 12 'half steps'
How many pitches are there? What are they?
A, B, C, D, E, F, G
A collection of specific pitches that emphasize one particular pitch (called the final)
A series of specific intervals, usually written down/practiced as spanning 1 or more octaves
How many octaves does a mode span?
1 or more
A pause or 'resting place' in mustic
Often on the final
A place where harmonic tension in the music relaxes to some degree
Where does harmonic tension in music relax to some degree?
When does cadence usually take place?
Ofton on the final
The instruments, voices, and anything else that makes sound and takes part in music making
Ensembles are different across cultures
A specific category of music composition as defined by its musical characteristics or traits
Ex. Gregorian chant, string quartet, symphony
Composition (Piece or Work)
Any work of art may be referred to as a 'composition' without making reference to the specific genre
The person who actually creates the orignial musical conception
Usually in written form
Western classical music, composer is the one who makes the music, not the one who plays it
Does the composer in Western classical music play or produce the music?
What does understanding music require?
Are the nuances of musical experience transferable from one culture to another? Why/Why not?
No, because it's all based on cultural context (it's original meaning)
Ancestor = JUDAISM
Inherited a very long and important WRITTEN tradition
What caused Europe's worship and musical practices to diversify?
It gradually became Christianized after the 4th century
What was one of the greatest accomplishments of the early Medieval Period?
The unification of the Chirstain Church throughout western Europe as the ROMAN CATHOLIC CHURCH
Who was the most famous pope?
St. Gregory I
What did St. Gregory I do?
Created PLAINCHANTS required for MASS and DIVINE OFFICE
Many plainchants are called GREGORIAN CHANTS (named after him)
Are all plainchants Gregorian?
No, since some have been composed by other people
Should you call all chants Gregorian? If not, what should you refer to them as?
Plainchant or chant
When was the Medieval Period?
What are two of the centrals features of Western music that originated during the Medieval Period?
Because the Medieval Period lasted for so long, this 'style period' is split into how many shorter priods?