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Flashcards in Quiz 1 Deck (12)
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1

Sports Nutrition

A blend of nutrition and exercise physiology.

Nutrition=Ingestion, digestion, absorption, metabolism, elimination (iDAME).

2

Athlete

A person who participates in sport.
-Elite
-Well Trained
-Recreational

3

Physical Activity

Bodily movement resulting in an increase in energy expenditure above resting levels.

4

Exercise

Physical activity that is planned, structured and purposeful.

5

Sport

Competitive physical activities.

6

Athletes' Training Goals

Improving performance
Improving specific components of fitness
Avoiding injury and over training
Achieving top performance for selected events

7

Basic Training and Nutrition Principles

Progressive overload
Individuality
Specificity endurance vs. strength
Hard/Easy - rest recovery
Periodization
Disuse

8

Basic Nutrition Standards and Guidelines

Dietary Reference Intakes (DRI)
Dietary Guidelines for Americans
Food Labels
MyPyramid/MyPlate
Other meal planning systems

9

Dietary Guidelines for Americans 2010
Two Over-Arching Goals

Maintain calorie balance over time to achieve and sustain healthy weight.
Focus on consuming nutrient - dense foods and beverages.

10

ACSM Exercise Reccommendation

FITT
-Frequency
-Intensity
-Time
-Type
Types of Activities
-Resistant
-Endurance
-Flexibility

11

Chronic Disease

A disease lasting 3 months of more that can be treated but not cured.
In the U.S., 70% of all deaths are related to chronic diseases.
Poor Diet and lack of exercise are major contributing factors.

12

The Dietary Guidelines for Americans

These diet and exercise recommendations promote health and reduce the risk for chronic diseases to Americans over the age of two.