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Flashcards in Quiz 1 Deck (19)
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1

autonomic nervous system

part of the nervous system responsible for the control of non conscious bodily functions like breathing, heartbeat, and digestive processes. divided into the parasympathetic (counters the simp.) and sympathetic (prepares human for fight or flight).

2

parasympathetic nervous system (ANS)

rest and digest system, relaxes sphincters, increases glandular and intestinal activity.

3

sympathetic nervous system (ANS)

activates fight or flight response.

4

peripheral nervous system

outside the brain and spinal cord that control nerves and ganglia outside those two things.

5

frontal lobe

involved in motor function (M1 motor strip), producing speech (Broca's area) problem solving, spontaneity, short term memory, language, initiation, judgement, impulse control, and social and sexual behavior.

6

temporal lobe

The medial temporal lobe consists of structures that are vital for declarative or long-term memory. Declarative (denotative) or explicit memory is conscious memory divided into semantic memory (facts) and episodic memory (events).[4]:194 Medial temporal lobe structures that are critical for long-term memory include the hippocampus.

Retention of visual memories. Process information from the ears (auditory), and it contains Wernicke's area, which comprehends language. At the front are many areas critical for storing new information in memory, and areas involved in deriving meaning and emotion.

7

occipital lobe

The occipital lobe is the visual processing center of the mammalian brain containing most of the anatomical region of the visual cortex, perception. processes only visual input.

8

parietal lobe

crucially involved in representing space and your relationship to it. The most anterior gyrus of the parietal lobe, the somatosensory cortex, represents different sensations in the body. Crucial for consciousness and attention.

9

invasiveness

not a way that neuroimaging methods are evaluated.

10

speed-accuracy tradeoff

The complex relationship between an individual's willingness to respond slowly and make relatively fewer errors compared to their willingness to respond quickly and make relatively more errors is described as the speed–accuracy tradeoff.

11

expectancy effects

The subject-expectancy effect, is a form of reactivity that occurs in scientific experiments or medical treatments when a research subject or patient expects a given result and therefore unconsciously affects the outcome, or reports the expected result.

12

gyrus

a ridge or fold between two clefts on the cerebral surface in the brain.

13

sulcus

a groove or furrow, especially one on the surface of the brain.

14

structuralist

Structuralism can be defined as psychology as the study of the elements of consciousness. The idea is that conscious experience can be broken down into basic conscious elements, much as a physical phenomenon can be viewed as consisting of chemical structures, that can in turn be broken down into basic elements. focused on phenomenological (distinctly science) experience through introspection.

15

behaviorism

avoided discussion of mental activity to focus on the immediately observable: stimuli, consequences, and responses to those consequences. Described stimulus - response - consequence relations.

16

rationalist

a person who bases their opinions and actions on reason and knowledge rather than on religious belief or emotional response.

17

functionalist

focused NOT on the nature of mental activity, but on the functions of specific mental activities in the world, and on the idea that certain practices or approaches are better suited than others to accomplishing certain tasks, and that we should change our thoughts and behavior as we discover those that are increasingly "better adapted" to our environment.

18

mark had damage to his temporal lobe from a stroke.

he has trouble recognizing objects.

19

gracie had damage to her parietal lobe from a stroke.

she has trouble locating objects.