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Flashcards in Quiz 1 Partial 1 Deck (11):

Arguing objectively

Facts based on reason and logic


Arguing subjectevely

Based on your feeling, emotions, opinions or personal views.


Persuasive essays

Argue agaainst controvertial issues, sell your ideas.


What can you do for brainstorming for a persuasive essay?

Make a list of pro's and con's and chose the strongest ones, the stronger ones may be used as supporting sentenses. You want strong things. It's all about facts.



It's incorporating information from outside sources into your own writing to make it stronger. Choosing to paraphrase a sentence instead of quoting it largely depends on the uniqueness of the sentence itself. If the sentence from the outside source is not expressed in any special way, and you only want to use the info, you should paraphrase it. To write a good paraphrase you must:
-Restate the sentence or passage in other words.
-Not change the meaning.
-Not leave out essential info.
-Not add any info.
-Cite the source with an intext citation.


Active voice

The subject is doing the action. ex, Steve loves Amy.


Passive Voice

The target of the action gets promoted to the subject position. Ex, Amy is loved by Steve.


Guidelines for paraphrasing

Always use three or more.
1. Understand the passage. Otherwise you will confuse the reader or give false info.
2. Change the sentence structure. Most important skill in paraphrasing. Three ways:
a)Changing sentence type. Changing between simple, compound and complex sentences helps.
b) Changing phrases and clauses. Either from prepositional phrases into clauses or vice versa.
c) Changing sentence voice. Changing from pasive to active voice or vice versa.
3. Changing words.
a) Using synonyms. It's an obvious change but careful when slecting a word (see the context).
b) Changing the type of word. For example, changing between adjectives, nouns and verbs.


Sentence fragments

It's a dependant sentence, or clause. A simple sentence must at least have a subject and a verb with tense. I a string of words does not have those two basics, it's a fragment.There are three common types:
1. The verb with tense is missing.
2. The subject is missing.
3. A dependent clause is punctuated as if it were independet.


Parts of speech

There is eight parts of speech, or types of words: noun, verbs, adjectives, adverbs, prepositions, pronouns, conjuctions, and interjections.


Chaning suffixes

They come at the end of a words and often show what part of speech it is. Knowing the suffies go with part of speech can be very helpful for writing a paraphrase. It is perhaps even more helpful to know what suffixes can be used to change from one type of word to another.