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Flashcards in Quiz 4 Deck (19):


.an addiction to the consumption of alcoholic liquor or the mental illness and compulsive behavior resulting from alcohol dependency.


______ countries in the world in tobacco productions



Tar in a tobacco smoke

thick brownish substance (Benzopyrene & phenol)•Cause lung cancer



abnormal smallness of the lower jaw



Fetal alcohol syndrome

is a group of symptoms seen in children who were exposed to alcohol before birth.


Effect of mixing carbonated beverages with alcohol

cause pyloric valve relax


Medical complications of alcoholism include ______, ____, and ______



Twenty percent of the alcohol ingested is absorbed in the ______ and 80% is absorbed in _____.

On the heart on the stomach(20%) & intestines(80%)


_common effects of driving at the following blood alcohol concentrations.

1. 1-2 ounces of liquor (0.02%)

Relaxation, sense of well-being, loss of inhibition, lowered alertness

2. 2-3 oz (0.05%)

Blunted feelings, disinhibition, extroversion, reduced sexual pleasure Impaired reflexes, reasoning, depth perception, distance acuity, peripheral vision, gl

3. 5-6 oz (0.10%)

Blunted feelings, disinhibition, extroversion, reduced sexual pleasure
Impaired reflexes, reasoning, depth perception, distance acuity, peripheral vision, glare recovery

4. 7-8 oz (0.15%)

Emotional swings, anger, sadness, boisterous Impaired reaction time, gross motor control, staggering, slurred speed


The word proof in alcohol stands for

is a measure of the content of ethanol (alcohol) in an alcoholic beverage.


__What percent of the driving population is legally drunk at any one time?

5% (not 100% sure)


effect of smoking on the brain?

Nicotine addiction is hard to beat because it changes your brain. The brain develops extra nicotine receptors to accommodate the large doses of nicotine from tobacco. When the brain stops getting the nicotine it’s used to, the result is nicotine withdrawal. You may feel anxious, irritable, and have strong cravings for nicotine.


effect of smoking on your heart?

damages the lining of your arteries, leading to a build up of fatty material (atheroma) which narrows the artery. This can cause angina, a heart attack or a stroke. The carbon monoxide in tobacco smoke reduces the amount of oxygen in your blood.


A malignant lesion formed by chewing smokeless tobacco is called



Nicotine is absorbed into the blood stream through the ________.

skin and the mucosal linings in the nose, mouth and lungs, and travels through the bloodstream to the brain. It stimulates adrenal glands to produce epinephrine, a hormone and neurotransmitter you also know as adrenaline.


The development of abnormal structures in an embryo that causes a deformed fetus is called

Teratogen - a drug capable of interfering with development of an embryo
-deformed fetus


Define what is meant by Carboxyhemoglobin.

Carbon monoxide bonds with hemoglobin (red blood cells)


What is the purpose of hemoglobin in our body?

n the blood carries oxygen from the lungs or gills to the rest of the body (i.e. the tissues). There it releases the oxygen to permit aerobic respiration to provide energy to power the functions of the organism in the process called metabolism.


Alchohol Absorption in the stomach and small intestine

When alcohol is consumed, it enters the stomach, where it can be absorbed into the bloodstream. However, if no food is present, most of the alcohol moves down into the small intestine where there is a much larger surface area for absorption compared to the stomach.