Radiation Protection CH 10 Part 1 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Radiation Protection CH 10 Part 1 Deck (43):
1

A set of numeric dose limits that are based on calculations of the various risks of cancer and genetic effects to tissues or organs exposed to radiation

Effective Dose Limiting Systems

2

Caused by exposure to ionizing radiation

cancerous neoplasms

3

ICRP

International Commission on Radiologic Protection

4

What is ICRP considered?

The international authority regarding the safe use of sources of ionizing radiation

5

NCRP

National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements

6

What does the NCRP do?

Review the recommendations formulated by ICRP

7

What does the NCRP determine?

The ways ICRP recommendations are incorporated into the US radiation protection criteria

8

UNSCEAR

United Nations Scientific Committee on the Effects of Atomic Radiation

9

What does UNSCEAR evaluate?

Human and environmental ionizing radiation exposures from a variety of sources including radioactive materials, radiation-producing machines, and radiation accidents

10

NAS/NRC-BEIR

National Academy of Sciences/National Research Council on the Biological Effects of Ionizing Radiation

11

What does NAS/NRC-BEIR?

An advisory group that reviews studies of biologic effects of ionizing radiation and risk management. This group formulated the 1990 BEIR V report Health Effects of Exposure to low levels of ionizing radiation

12

NRC

Nuclear Regulatory Commission

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NRC Purpose

Is a federal agency that has the authority to control the possession , use, & production of atomic energy in the interest of national security

Its main function is to oversee the nuclear energy industry

14

Enforce radiation protection regulations through their respective health departments

agreement states

15

EPA

Environmental Protection Agency

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What does the EPA facilitate?

the development and enforcement of regulations pertaining to the control of radiation in the environment

17

OSHA

Occupational Safety and Health Administration

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What does OSHA regulate?

Occupational exposure to radiation through part 1910 of Title 29 of the US Code of Federal Regulations

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What is OSHA responsible for?

Regulations concerning an employee's "right to know" with regard to hazards that may be present in the work place

20

RSO

Radiation Safety Officer

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The role of the RSO

Selected to oversee the programs daily operation and provide for its formal review each year

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What is the RSO responsible for developing?

AN appropriate radiation safety program for the facility to ensure all persons are adequately protected from radiation

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The RSO is responsible for maintaining

Radiation monitoring for all personnel and for providing counseling for individuals who receive monitor readings in excess of allowable limits

24

CDRH

Center for Devices and Radiological Health

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CDRH is responsible for?

Conducting an on-going electronic product radiation control program

26

Know the 4 international Organizations responsible for evaluating the relationship between EQD and induced biologic effects

1. ICRP - International Commission on Radiological Protection
2. NCRP - National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements
3. UNSCEAR - United Nations Scientific Committee on the effects of Atomic Radiation
4. National Academy of Sciences/ National Research Council Committee on the Biological Effects of Ionizing Radiation (NAS/NRC-BEIR)

27

Know who and why certain groups may look to the NCRP for guidance?

Nongovernmental groups desiring to improve their radiation safety practices and their promotion and disbursement of pertinent radiation protection materials

28

Know the US Radiation Regulatory Agencies

1. NRC (Nuclear Regulatory Commission)
2. Agreement States
3. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
4. US Food and Drug Administration (FDA)
5. Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA)

29

What the FDA conducts under Public Law 90-602, the radiation control for Health and Safety Act of 1968?

An on-going product radiation control program, regulating the design and manufacture of electronic products, including diagnostic xray equipment

30

Know what compliance with the FDA standards ensures

The protection of occupationally and nonoccupationally exposed person from faulty manufacturing

31

What must facilities that provide imaging service have?

An effective and detailed radiation safety program to ensure adequate safety of patients and radiation workers

32

Be able to describe in detail the implementation requirements of a radiation safety program (Implementation, what it must provide, what it delegates)

The implementation of an effective program begins with the administration of the facility. Individuals in executive positions must provide the resources necessary for creating and maintaining such a program. They can delegate operational funds in the budget, oversee the development of policies and procedures, and provide the equipment necessary for starting and for continuing the program.

33

Why the NRC mandates that a RSC be established?

So that the facility can assist in the development of the radiation safety program

34

Who generally takes on the role of an RSO?

A medical physicist, health physicist, radiologist, or other qualified person through adequate training and experience usually takes on the role of the RSO

35

ICRP stands for:

International Commission on Radiologic Protection

36

NCRP stands for:

National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements

37

UNSCEAR stands for:

United Nations Scientific Committee on the Effects of Atomic Radiation

38

NAS/NRC-BEIR stands for?

National Academy of Sciences/National Research Council on The Biological Effects of Ionizing Radiation

39

NRC stands for:

Nuclear Regulatory Commission

40

EPA stands for:

Environmental Protection Agency

41

FDA stands for:

US Food and Drug Administration

42

OSHA stands for:

Occupational Safety and Health Administration

43

CDRH stands for:

Center for Devices and Radiological Health