Random Flashcards Preview

PMR > Random > Flashcards

Flashcards in Random Deck (24)
Loading flashcards...
1

Causes of AVN

* PLASTIC RAGS
* pancreatitis / Pregnancy
* Lupus
* Alcohol
* Steroids
* Trauma
* Infection
* Collegen vascular disease
* Radiation / RA
* Amyloidosis
* Gauchers
* Sickle cell

2

RF for falls

weakness
balance issues
visual impairment
dementia

3

5 stages of rehab return to play

5 stages of rehab
1. ROM
2. isometric
3. drills
4. return to sports specific task
5. return to play

4

female athletic triad

Low energy availability (anorexia)
menstrual dysfunction
low bone mineral density)

5

causes of anterior hip pain ( give at least 6)

* Labral Tear
* Chondropathy
* Osteoarthritis
* Synovitis
* Ligament Teres Tear
* Hip Joint Instability
* Hypermobility
* DDH
* Groin Pain

6

DDX Reduced hip flexion

CAM / pincer
Chondropathy

7

Reduced internal structure

* Structural
- Acetabular retroversion
CAM/Pincer impingement
Femoral retroversion
OA

* Functional
- Hip IR weakness
- Tight external rotators
- Muscle spasm

8

GROIN PAIN DDX

* Adductor related
* Iliopsoasrelated
* Inguinal related
* Pubic related
* Hip related

I- HAP - I

9

Lateral hip pain

gluteal medius tear/ tendinopathy
others :
* pain from trachanteric bursitis
* referred pain from lumbar spine

10

ethology for gluteal medium tear and tendinopathy

* Gluteus medius/minimus tendinopathy
* subgluteus maximus and medius bursitis
* IT band thickening

11

causes of external snapping hip


* tight IT band
* Glut Maximus sliding

12

posterior hip pain DDX


* Posterior Labral tear
* Posterior chondral lesion
* Ligamentum teres tear
* Posterior micro-instability secondary to anterior impingement

13

posterior thigh pain

* Hamstring Strains (Type I&II)
* Hamstring Contusion
* Referred pain from:
* Lumbar spine
* Neural structures
* Gluteal trigger points

14

PIRIFORMIS SYNDROME;

sciatic nerve being compressed by piriformis muscle with symptoms overlapping with SIJ pain and lumbosacral radiculopathy

15

MCA stroke symp

C/l hemiplegia , hypesthesia (face and arms > legs)
C/i homonymous hemianopia
I/L gaze preference

Dominant hemisphere: aphasia
- repetitive - inferior division of MCA - wernicke
- expressive - superior division - Brocas
Non dominent: spastic dyspraxia, C/l hemineglet

16

ACA

C/l hemiplegia , hypesthesia ( legs)
alien limb phenomenon
gait apraxia
urinary incontince
Abulia ( inability or variable resistance to passive ROM)
TCM aphasia (if dominant lobe affected

17

PCA stroke

- c/i homonymous hemianopia
c/l hemianesthesia
c/l hemiplegia
c/l hemiataxia
vertical gait palsy

Dominant - amnesia, color anosmia, dyslexia w/o agraphia , simultagnosia

Non-Dominant - prosopagnosia ( can't recognize familiar faces)

18

Simultagnosia

defunct in perceptual analysis

19

weber syndrome

penetrating branches of the midbrain
i/l CN3 palsy
c/i limb weakness

20

Anton syndrome

contralateral PCA storke - cortical blinds with denial

21

Balints syndrome

- optic ataxia
- loss of voluntary but not reflex eye movements
-inability to understand visual objects

22

Wallenberg syndrome

pICA ( posterior inferior cerebellar artery)
- vertigo , nystagmus , i/p Horners , i/l facial pain or numbness
dysphagia, dysarthria
i/p Limb ataxia
c/l pain and temporary sensory lss

23

b/i pontine infracts

locked in syndrome

24

Millard Guber syndrome

unilateral lesion of ventrocaudal pons
- C/l hemiplegia
- i/l lateral rectus palsy
- i/l peripheral facial paresis