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Opthalmology > Random Vocab > Flashcards

Flashcards in Random Vocab Deck (38)
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1

Ectropian

Lower lid turns outwards

2

Epiphora

Watery eye

3

Ptosis

Drooping of eyelid

4

Stain for corneal epithelium

Fluorescein

5

Keratitis

Infection of the cornea

6

Antibiotics for corneal abrasion

Chloramphenicol

7

Proxymetacaine or tetracaine

Anaesthetic eye drops

8

Endophthalmitis

Inflammation of anterior and/or posterior chamber

9

Hyphaema

Blood in anterior chamber

10

Commotio retinae

Retinal oedema due to blunt trauma

11

Enophthalmos

- Retracted globe due to herniation of orbital tissue into maxilary sinus

12

Uvea

Iris, ciliary body and choroid

13

Blepharitis

Chronic inflammation of eyelids - especially where eyelashes grow

14

Chemosis

Oedema of conjunctiva

15

Allergic conjunctivitis treatment

Topical mast cell stabilizers
Gutte sodium cromoglycate QDS 1/12

16

Treatment of chlamydial conjunctivitis

Oral - azithromycin
Topical - erythromycin

17

Hypopyon

White cells collect under gravity in anterior chamber of the eye

18

Posterior synechiae

Adhesions that form between the iris and anterior lens capsule

19

Diathesis

Propensity towards bleeding

20

Ranibizumab

Anti-VegF for diabetic retinopathy

21

NOSPECS

Thyroid eye disease severity

No symptoms or signs
Only lid retraction +/- lag
Soft tissue involvement
Proptosis
Extraocular muscle involvement (diplopia)
Corneal Disease
Sight threatening optic neuropathy

22

Lagophthalmous

Inability to completely close eyelid

23

Exposure keratopathy

Drying inferiorly of the cornea due to incomplete lid closure

24

Cotton wool spots

From infarction - and damage to nerve fibres

25

Ppiphoria

Overflow of tears onto the face

26

Heterochromia

Difference in coloration - different eye colours
Congenital Horners can cause this

27

Cylopentolate and atropine

Both dilate the pupil and paralyse accommodation reflex

28

Tropicamide and phenylepherine

Dilate the pupil but don't paralyse accommodation reflex

29

Pilocarpine

Constricts pupil

30

Apraclonidine

Lowers IOP