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Flashcards in Rapid Review1 Deck (21):
1

Apical displacement of TV leaflets, decreased ventricular volume, atrialization of right ventricle

Epstein anomaly Litium in pregnancy

2

Patchy areas of endocardial fibrosis and subendocardial vacuolozation

Chronic ischemic heart disease

3

DTAP induces what immune response?

Produce neutrolizing AB against the B subunit of the exotoxin that prevents binding via IgG circulating proteins

4

Cancer ass. with H. Pylori

intestinal gastric adenocarcinoa, MALT

5

Positive Cl- test in a neonate that has not passed meconium. What is the embryological defect? What other pathologies is this related to?

Males wit cystic fibrosis:

Infertile (kartanger) --> improper development of the mesonephric (Wolffian) duct system,

which most often leads to a defective vas deferens.

Other derivatives

vas deferens,

epididymis,

seminal vesicles, and

ejaculatory duct,

ureter,

renal pelvis,

calyces, and

collecting tubules

Additional abnormalities in cystic fibrosis include exocrine pancreas deficiency, late-onset puberty, chronic sinusitis, and chronic upper respiratory tract infections.

6

Situs inversus, chronic sinusitis, bronchiectasis, infertility

Kartanger syndrom

7

most commonly implicated serovar in cases of food poisoning

Salmonella enterica enteritidis

8

Hektoen enteric agar

useful for differentiating between Salmonella and Shigella because only Salmonella produces hydrogen sulfide. As shown in the image below, hydrogen sulfide forms a black precipitate when it comes into contact with thiosulfate in Hektoen agar. Shigella does not produce hydrogen sulfide, and therefore does not create a precipitate on Hektoen agar. Thus the colonies remain green without a black center.

9

Non fusion of the urogenital folds in males vs females

vestibule of the vagina but in males hypospadias

 

Hypospadias is more common than epispadias. Associated with inguinal hernia and cryptorchidism.

Hypo is below.

 

Abnormal opening of penile urethra on ventral surface of penis due to failure of urethral folds to fuse.

10

Alternative therapy for TMP-SMX for prophylactic treatment of pneumo. jirovi

Dapsone

11

Adverse reactions of dapson

hemolytic anemia: Bite cells

12

Drugs that precipitate G6P difficiency "Hemolysis IS D PAIN"

Isoniazid,

Sulfonamides,

Dapsone,

Primaquine,

Aspirin,

Ibuprofen,

Nitrofurantoin (sulfa drugs, antimalarials, infections, fava beans)

13

Management of drug induced parkinsonism

Anticholinergics trihexyphenidyl benztropine

14

What and where is Ang 1 converted to 2?

small vessels

15

Protein that recognizes stop codon and terminate protein synthesis

Releasing factor

16

Hematuria, back pain and fevor. What type of NSAID can be used that doesn't affect platelet aggregation?

Celecoxib

17

Following CHF, will the level of ANG 2 be higher in the pulmonary artery or vein? Why

pulmonary vein

18

In CHF, Arteriolar resistance is ____ (increased or decreased?)

increased

19

How do disinfectants such as isopropanol work

a

20

Primary source of glucose for the first 12-18 hours. After this time period what is the primary source?

Glycogenolysis-->Glucogenolysis

21

Affect of spironolactone on the DCT

decrease in hydrogen ion secretion