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Flashcards in reconstructive memory Deck (18):
1

who was the model devised by?

bartlett

2

what are the key ideas about the theory?

that memory is not like a tape recorder
memeory is not perfectly retrieved encoded and stored
we use previous knowledge to interpret memories to be stored

3

how do we use previous knowledge?

previous knowledge is used to interpret findings in order to be reconstructed and to store

4

what is perception?

an active process of construction using knowledge to guide our judgement of what we see

5

what does a persons perception of an event affect>

it affects how things are remembered

6

what is perception affected by?

schemas

7

what are schemas?

parcels of knowledge or previous information about a particular topic
memories can be categorised
e.g. how to act at a dinner table

8

what does assimilate?

changing our schemas to fit what we see

9

what does accommodate mean>

change memeories in order to keep schemas in tact

10

how can people accommodate?

by levelling and sharpening

11

what is levelling and sharpening?

L-downplayng events
S-over exaggerating

12

how do schemas aid recall and reconstruction?

- parts of memory are stored
- recall we use schemas to fill in the gaps
- story we tell is then a reconstruction

13

what is confabulation?

changing bits of the story in order to keep in line with schema
e.g. water to fish

14

what is rationalise?

making its make sense

15

when was it made?

1932

16

what did loftus and palmer do?

showed how leading questions can easily influence memory
broken glass 16 7 6
how fast the cars were going when they smashed etc

17

loftus?

barn study

18

what did barletss do in investigation?

war of the ghosts
shortened form 330 to 180
confabulated conoes became boats
rationalised misdealt ghosts and just a war
not objective
bumped into one student two years later and asked her to reproduce