Flashcards in reconstructive memory Deck (18):
who was the model devised by?
what are the key ideas about the theory?
that memory is not like a tape recorder
memeory is not perfectly retrieved encoded and stored
we use previous knowledge to interpret memories to be stored
how do we use previous knowledge?
previous knowledge is used to interpret findings in order to be reconstructed and to store
what is perception?
an active process of construction using knowledge to guide our judgement of what we see
what does a persons perception of an event affect>
it affects how things are remembered
what is perception affected by?
what are schemas?
parcels of knowledge or previous information about a particular topic
memories can be categorised
e.g. how to act at a dinner table
what does assimilate?
changing our schemas to fit what we see
what does accommodate mean>
change memeories in order to keep schemas in tact
how can people accommodate?
by levelling and sharpening
what is levelling and sharpening?
how do schemas aid recall and reconstruction?
- parts of memory are stored
- recall we use schemas to fill in the gaps
- story we tell is then a reconstruction
what is confabulation?
changing bits of the story in order to keep in line with schema
e.g. water to fish
what is rationalise?
making its make sense
when was it made?
what did loftus and palmer do?
showed how leading questions can easily influence memory
broken glass 16 7 6
how fast the cars were going when they smashed etc