working memory model Flashcards Preview

cognitive psychology > working memory model > Flashcards

Flashcards in working memory model Deck (23):
1

who was the model devised by?

baddeley and hitch

2

what part of the memory does the model look at?

short term memory

3

why was the model created?

believed that short term memory was not one unitary store
it is an active process that manipuplates information

4

how many systems are there in the wmm?

three

5

what are the systems in the wmm?

the central executive
phonological loop
visuospatial sketchpad

6

what is the central executive?

very key component in the model
it acts as a boss
it has the capacity to focus divide and switch attention
allocates information to specific slave systems
chooses what to focus on

7

what kinds of tasks can the CE deal with?

cognitive tasks such as problem solving

8

what is the phonological loop split into to?

the phonological store
articulatory control syste

9

what is the PL?

it deals with spoken and written information

10

what is the PS?

acts as the inner ear
holds information about speech based information

11

how long can speech based info be held in the PS?

1-2 seconds

12

what is the ACS?

it is the inner voice
it is used to rehearse information from the PL

13

what is the inner ear?

the PS

14

what is the inner voice?

ACS

15

what is the inner eye?

visuosplatial sketchpad

16

what is the visuospatial sketchpad?

stores and manipulates visual information from the eye and ltm

17

what is the VSS split into?

the visual cache
inner scribe

18

what does the visual cache do?

deal with information about form and colour

19

what doe the inner scribe do?

deals with spatial information and rehearses information

20

what does the wmm suggest about doing tasks?

that it is easier to do 1 visual and 1 verbal task

21

what are the two predictions from the model?

that id two tasks use the same component it is impossible for them to successfully work together
2 diff takss is good

22

what was added 26 years later/

the eposodic buffer

23

what is the episodic buffer?

binds all information from each system togeterh and linked time and order