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Flashcards in multistore memory Deck (23):
1

who was the theory devised by?

atkinson and shiffron

2

who was the theory devised by?

atkinson and shiffron

3

what did they propose?

that memory had three stores

4

what are the three stores in the mode?

sensory
short term
long term

5

what is the duration of the sensory memory?

0-1 seconds

6

what is the capacity of the sensors memory?

0

7

how does the sensory memory encode?

it is sense specific

8

how is information lost from the sensory memory?

if information is not paid attention to

9

what is the duration of the short term memory?1

1-20 seconds

10

what is the capacity of the short term memory?

7-/+ 2 items

11

how does the short term emery encode?

auditory

12

how is information lost from the short term memory?

through trace decay and displacement
lack of rehearsal

13

what is the duration of the long term memory?

months to years
unknown

14

what is the capacity of the long term memory?

unknown
unlimited

15

how does the long term memory encode?

mainly semantic but can be acoustic

16

how is information lost from the long term memory/

through trace decay, cue dependancy and repression

17

where is it key that rehearsal takes place?

in the short term memory in order to be transferred to the long

18

if information is not rehearsed in the STM what happens?

it is lost through displacement or decay

19

why is the model oversimplified? (W)

suggests that STM and LTM work together in a single unitary fashion which has now been found to not be true
wmm

20

why is rehearsal thought to be too simple? (W)

does not take into account other factors such as motivation to rehearse and learning strategies

21

who is the model supported by?

case studies such as clive wearing etc
shows that there are too separate stores

22

why is the model influential? (S)

it has allowed a good understanding of memory and the structure of different stores allowing it to be expanded and researched in order to improve the model

23

when ws it made?

1968