Religion, Peace, And Conflict Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Religion, Peace, And Conflict Deck (40):
1

Justice

Bringing about what is right and fair

2

Just war theory

A theory to determine when it is right to go to war and how to act in war

3

Last resort

Belief that in a Just War, all peaceful methods should have been tried

4

Just cause

Belief that in a just war the reason for war should be fair

5

Legitimate authority

Belief that in a just war, the goal of the war is to make peace

6

Principle of discrimination

Belief that in a just war civilians should not be targeted

7

Behaviour of troops

Belief that in a just war, you can control your armed forces

8

Reasonable chance of success

Belief that in a just war, the war is winnable

9

Proportionality

Belief that in a just war, the damage caused by going to war should not outweigh the damage caused by not going to war

10

Holy War

A war fought by Christians to reclaim the holy land

11

Pacifism

The belief that all war and violence is wrong

12

Pacifist

People that have a belief in pacifism

13

Conscientious objectors

A person, usually a pacifist, who chooses not to fight in war due to opposing violence

14

Terrorism

The unlawful use of violence, usually against innocent people, to achieve a political goal

15

Weapons of Mass Destruction

Weapon that can kill large numbers of people and/or cause great damage

16

Radicalisation

When people learn extreme views on religious, social, or political issues

17

Martyrdom

The suffering or death of a martyr

18

Martyr

A person who suffers or dies for their beliefs

19

Torture

The use of severe physical or physiological pain or punishing someone or forcing them to give information

20

Nuclear weapon

Weapons that work by creating a nuclear reaction in order to devastate huge areas and kill large numbers of people

21

Chemical weapon

Weapons that use chemicals to harm humans and destroys the natural environment

22

Biological weapons

Weapons that use living organisms to cause disease or death

23

Reconciliation

Restoration of harmony after relationships have broken down

24

Forgiveness

Showing grace and mercy, forgiving someone for what they have done

25

Righteous anger

Anger against an injustice and the motivation to put it right

26

Bullying

Deliberate intimidation of a person through words or actions

27

Peace making

The method of trying to establish peace

28

Conflict resolution

Creating peace between two parties

29

Non-violent resistance

Resisting a government by peaceful protest

30

Quaker

A denomination of Christians who believe that violence is always wrong

31

Forgiveness and reconciliation teachings

Jesus taught that forgiveness towards a fellow human being is essential if a person wants to be forgiven by God
When Jesus was being nailed to the cross he prayed: 'Father, forgive them for they do not know what they are doing'

32

For and against war

For: War can be for greater good, war can prevent things before they happen
Against: Lots of innocent people will die, refugees

33

Consequences of modern warfare

Death, injuries, environmental damage, economic collapse, homelessness, separation of families, agricultural damage, discrimination, traumatisation

34

Quotes for Jesus being in favour of pacifism

"Love your enemies and pray for those who persecute you"
"Those who live by the sword, die by the sword"
"Turn the other cheek"

35

Martin Luther King pacifism quotes

"Returning violence multiplies violence, adding deeper darkness to a night already devoid of stars...Hate cannot drive out hate! Only love can do that"

36

What did Martin Luther King do?

Promoted a non-violent approach to protesting
Promoted equal rights
Caused black life expectancy to rise
The amount of black people graduating increased
Campaigned so black people can vote

37

What happens if a war is declared and a pacifist is called up?

They become conscientious objectors as killing people is against their conscience. Many pacifists believe in "sanctity of life"

38

Example of righteous anger

Jesus showed anger when he drove the traders from the temple (John 2:13-17)

39

Reasons for pacifism

Pacifists believe war and violence are inhumane and unjust
Money spent on wars could feed the poor
Jesus always said war and violence is wrong
"You shall not murder"

40

Reasons against pacifism

Some christians will fight if cause is just
"An eye for an eye"
Christians may promote peace by fighting eg. Overthrowing a dictator
Realism argues that a war that serves the national interest is morally acceptable