Flashcards in Religion, Peace, And Conflict Deck (40):
Bringing about what is right and fair
Just war theory
A theory to determine when it is right to go to war and how to act in war
Belief that in a Just War, all peaceful methods should have been tried
Belief that in a just war the reason for war should be fair
Belief that in a just war, the goal of the war is to make peace
Principle of discrimination
Belief that in a just war civilians should not be targeted
Behaviour of troops
Belief that in a just war, you can control your armed forces
Reasonable chance of success
Belief that in a just war, the war is winnable
Belief that in a just war, the damage caused by going to war should not outweigh the damage caused by not going to war
A war fought by Christians to reclaim the holy land
The belief that all war and violence is wrong
People that have a belief in pacifism
A person, usually a pacifist, who chooses not to fight in war due to opposing violence
The unlawful use of violence, usually against innocent people, to achieve a political goal
Weapons of Mass Destruction
Weapon that can kill large numbers of people and/or cause great damage
When people learn extreme views on religious, social, or political issues
The suffering or death of a martyr
A person who suffers or dies for their beliefs
The use of severe physical or physiological pain or punishing someone or forcing them to give information
Weapons that work by creating a nuclear reaction in order to devastate huge areas and kill large numbers of people
Weapons that use chemicals to harm humans and destroys the natural environment
Weapons that use living organisms to cause disease or death
Restoration of harmony after relationships have broken down
Showing grace and mercy, forgiving someone for what they have done
Anger against an injustice and the motivation to put it right
Deliberate intimidation of a person through words or actions
The method of trying to establish peace
Creating peace between two parties
Resisting a government by peaceful protest
A denomination of Christians who believe that violence is always wrong
Forgiveness and reconciliation teachings
Jesus taught that forgiveness towards a fellow human being is essential if a person wants to be forgiven by God
When Jesus was being nailed to the cross he prayed: 'Father, forgive them for they do not know what they are doing'
For and against war
For: War can be for greater good, war can prevent things before they happen
Against: Lots of innocent people will die, refugees
Consequences of modern warfare
Death, injuries, environmental damage, economic collapse, homelessness, separation of families, agricultural damage, discrimination, traumatisation
Quotes for Jesus being in favour of pacifism
"Love your enemies and pray for those who persecute you"
"Those who live by the sword, die by the sword"
"Turn the other cheek"
Martin Luther King pacifism quotes
"Returning violence multiplies violence, adding deeper darkness to a night already devoid of stars...Hate cannot drive out hate! Only love can do that"
What did Martin Luther King do?
Promoted a non-violent approach to protesting
Promoted equal rights
Caused black life expectancy to rise
The amount of black people graduating increased
Campaigned so black people can vote
What happens if a war is declared and a pacifist is called up?
They become conscientious objectors as killing people is against their conscience. Many pacifists believe in "sanctity of life"
Example of righteous anger
Jesus showed anger when he drove the traders from the temple (John 2:13-17)
Reasons for pacifism
Pacifists believe war and violence are inhumane and unjust
Money spent on wars could feed the poor
Jesus always said war and violence is wrong
"You shall not murder"