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Flashcards in Redemption Deck (39):
1

The Church

The Holy people of God also called the body of Christ, among whom Christ is present and active

2

A church

A building in which Christians worship

3

Altar

The place of sacrifice where the offering of the mass is made to God. All of the furniture pointing to the altar shows that the pinnacle of worship is the altar

4

Stations of the cross

A series of 14 images that remind Catholics of Jesus' final journey to the cross through prayer

5

Lectern

The reading stand which the Bible readings are given and the word of Gos is proclaimed. Usually in a prominent place so everyone else can see.

6

Tabernacle

The place in the Church where the consecrated hosts are kept. At the front of the church so people can see it and people bow/kneel before taking their seats.

7

Crucifix

A representation of Jesus on the cross on which he died. Reminds us of Jesus' suffering and salvation and it tries to help us feel grateful

8

Atonement

Restoring the relationship between people and God through the life, death, and resurrection of Jesus

9

Crucifixion

Execution by being fixed up onto the cross

10

Resurrection

Jesus coming back from the dead to save humanity from their sins

11

Ascension

Jesus returns to heaven body and soul

12

Restoration

When Jesus returns to heaven, this opens up the door for humans to join him. This is the resurrection of creation.

13

Redemption

Making up for the wrongs done by other people to bring humans back into a relationship with God

14

Salvation

Freedom from sin, and from the eternal separation from God that is brought about by sin.

15

Grace

God's free gift of his unconditional love to the believer

16

Conscience

The voice of God in their heart and soul guiding each person to make the right choices

17

The Mass

A re-enactment and celebration of Jesus' death, through which humans are freed from their sins and their relationship with God is restored

18

Offertory

People present bread and wine to God as a sign of thanksgiving

19

Eucharistic prayer

At the consecration, the words of Jesus at the last supper are repeated over the bread and wine

20

Our Father

Through Christ's redemption, believers are allowed to call God 'Father'. At this point they say the 'our father'

21

Communion

Sharing in a meal that unites people with each other and with christ

22

Words of Institution

When the priest says the words of Jesus from the Last Supper

23

Agnus Dei (Lamb of God)

Latin word for first part of prayer that is said shortly before communion.

24

Blessed sacrament

A term that refers to the consecrated bread and wine

25

Eucharistic adoration

Catholics believe that Jesus is truly present in the consecrated bread and wine, called the blessed sacrament, so they treat the eucharist with great reverence and respect

26

Benediction

Meaning 'blessing' a service at which the blessed sacrament is exposed and Catholics worship christ in the sacrament

27

Monotrance

A large holder in which a large host is placed upright so people might see it and worship before the blessed sacrament

28

Orthodox

A branch of Christianity mainly, but not entirely, practised in eastern europe.

29

Anglican

Believe that Christ is received spiritually during communion

30

Nonconformist

Christians who do not follow rules laid down by a central authority but are organised at a local level; the bible forms a central part of their worships

31

Cycle of humanity from creation, fall, incarnation to restoration

Creation - genesis story of God creating universe and human beings being given free will
Fall - Adam and Eve choosing to sin so our bond with God is broken
Incarnation - Jesus comes down as God in human form
Restoration - Jesus dies on cross to save our sins

32

How is the death of Jesus related to redemption

Death on cross fulfilled old testament prophecies. Blood and water flowed from Jesus' side - water symbolic of water of baptism and blood of wine. Significance: the sacrifice of one individual pays the price for humanities sins

33

Explain how resurrection is related to redemption

First people who Jesus don't recognise him eg. Road to Emaiah story and Martha and Mary visit his tomb and say Jesus looks heavenly whilst still human. Significance: By resurrecting Jesus, body and soul, the human Jesus defeats the death given to us by Adam and Eve.

34

Explain how ascension relates to redemption

Occurs 40 days after Easter Sunday. He sends disciples to spread word of God and 10 days later, Holy Spirit enters them at Pentecost. Significance: Jesus returning to heaven opens door for humans to join him which is the restoration of creation

35

Salvation as past present and future

Past - Salvation has come through death and resurrection of Jesus
Present - some believe salvation is an ongoing process and need to be guided by Holy Spirit
Future - Final victory of God's grace will come at end of time, when God's kingdom is established at full point

36

Explain metaphors St Irenaus uses to explain redemption

Adam and Eve rejecting God broke humanity and God's bond through fruit of tree. Redemption - tree of cross - Jesus dies to fix bond

37

Explain metaphors used by St Anselm to explain redemption

God's honour is denied through sin. Gods justice is required by death of Jesus

38

How should conscience be educated

Law of God helps to guide people. Church teachings are infallibly guided by the presence of the Holy Spirit so cant be ignored

39

Quotes from Catholic church about conscience

"There he is alone with God, whose voice echoes in his depths. In a wonderful manner conscience reveals that law which is fulfilled by love and neighbour" - Gaudium et Spes 16
"Conscience is the inner voice in a man" Youcat 295