Renaissance and Reformation Flashcards Preview

World History Honors > Renaissance and Reformation > Flashcards

Flashcards in Renaissance and Reformation Deck (52):
1

Which is NOT a reason why the Renaissance began in Italy ?
a. It was the heart of the former Roman Empire
b. it was home to wealthy and powerful merchants
c. It was a place of exile for Byzantine Scholars
d. It was in close proximity to the Pope and Vatican City

d. It was in close proximity to the Pope and Vatican City

2

Which was not one of the new artistic renaissance techniques ?
a. Perspective
b. Shading
c. Bright Colors
d. Abstract

d. Abstract

3

The ________ were a family of wealthy bankers in Florence, they were patrons of the arts and held onto the Vatican's money
a. Petrarchs
b. Medicis
c. Borgias
d. Lutherans

b. Medicis

4

Which are reasons Europe was in disarray in the 1300s ?

a. 100 years war
b. Plague
c. Decline in Literacy
d. Loss of Church authority

a. 100 years war
b. Plague
c. Decline in Literacy

5

______________ is best known for preserving the classical works of antiquity, forming Latin libraries throughout Europe and writing in Tuscan for the commoners of Europe
a. Francisco Petrarch
b. Filippo Brunelleschi
c. Francis I
d. Nicol Machiavelli

a. Francisco Petrarch, also known as the "Father of Humanism"

6

Why did the artwork of the Renaissance emphasize more secular subjects than religious subjects ?
a. It was a direct attack on the Catholic Church
b. Humanism was religious in nature
c. Humanism represented the classical ideology of Greco Roman society
d. Church was unable to pay artists the sums required to produce new art.

c. Humanism represented the classical ideology of Greco Roman society

7

What was the Renaissance?

he great rebirth of art, literature, and learning in the 14th, 15th, and 16th centuries which marked the transition from the medieval to modern periods of European history. A new way of thinking. Which lead to future reforms for the catholic church and ultamately different religions. The birth of humanism or the focus on human potential for achievements by basing civilization off of the traditional Greek and Roman.

8

Define humanism.

A renaissance intellectual movement in which thinkers studied classical texts and focused on human potential and achievements.

9

Much like the Middle Ages, Italian renaissance leaders claimed their authority to rule via hereditary rule or divine right. T or F.

False

10

____ is best known for his architectural achievements, such as the dome on the church in San Lorenzo, Florence
a. Petrarch
b. Machiavelli
c. Brunelleschi
d. Donatello

c. Brunelleschi

11

In the Italian City States, the land owning aristocracy lost their dominant position in society to

a. Clergy
b. Farmers
c. Bankers and Merchants
d. artisans

c. bankers and merchants

12

Which are developments of the Renaissance

a. Exchange of ambassadors between countries
b. Leadership determined by the accolades and prowess of the individual
c. political leaders practicing civic humanism
d. Merchants and bankers became more openly profit seeking

All

13

One reason Italy began to decline as a commercial center was the discovery of new Atlantic trade routes

T of F

True

14

The fall of the Byzantine empire in ____ led to a migration of scholars and classical knowledge to the Italian city states

a. 1492
b. 1453
c. 1079
d. 1189

1453

15

For most ordinary people the Renaissance did very little to change their everyday lives

T or F

True

16

Which is not true about Gutenbergs printing press

a. spawned a new industry
b. compelled church to create Index of Forbidden Books
c. Helped spread Reformation
d. Was the first form of printing

For most oridnary people, the Renaissance did very little to change their every day lives

17

Which were reasons the Chruch was in crisis
a. Monarchs rejected papal authority
b. Church seen as inefficient and corrupt
c.peasants and priests were tired of paying taxes to Church
d. Humanism brought a full scale rejection of Christian principles

a.Monarchs rejected papal authority
b. Church seen as inefficient and corrupt
c.peasants and priests were tired of paying taxes to Church

18

Which were not one of Luther's proposed changes to the Church ?
a. Priests can marry
b. No selling of indulgences
c. People acting as their own interpreters of the Bible
d. Maintain latin as language of the bible

d. Maintain latin as language of the bible

19

Luther received a great deal of support from the German Princes, why ?
a. They were tired of paying taxes to the church
b. Saw an opportunity to gain political influence
c. Could increase their wealth and land holdings
d. All

All

20

Luther supported the Peasant Revolt 1524 as an ideological extension of his religious reformation

T or F

False

21

Match quote with the person who said it

1) I taught my followers about Predestination __
2) Even though I was a devote Catholic, I became infamous for burning hundreds of Protestants ___
3) I wrote the book Utopia and was beheaded for voicing my disagreement to Henry VIII about his divorce and split from the Church ____
4) I founded a religious order that became the Pope's tool for restoring Catholicism in Eastern Europe, while also training the clergy in secular classes and theology ____
5) I oversaw the church during a great dissension and called for the Council of Trent ____
6) Chivalry may be dead but I did my part when I wrote The Courtier in 1528 ___
7) I wrote in Praise of Folly in 1513, a satirical criticism of the Church, I believe people could find God without the rituals of the Church so long as they live their life in accordance with the Bible
8. Feared or Loved I wrote the Prince

A. Pope Paul III
B. Mary Tudor (Bloody Mary)
C. Thomas More
D. John Calvin
E. St. ignatius
F. Erasmus
G. Castiglione
H. Machiavelli

1) I taught my followers about Predestination D. John Calvin

2) Even though I was a devote Catholic, I became infamous for burning hundreds of Protestants B. Mary Tudor

3) I wrote the book Utopia and was beheaded for voicing my disagreement to Henry VIII about his divorce and split from the Church C Thomas More

4) I founded a religious order that became the Pope's tool for restoring Catholicism in Eastern Europe, while also training the clergy in secular classes and theology E. St. Ignatius

5) I oversaw the church during a great dissension and called for the Council of Trent A. Pope Paul III

6) Chivalry may be dead but I did my part when I wrote The Courtier in 1528 G. Castiglione

7) I wrote in Praise of Folly in 1513, a satirical criticism of the Church, I believe people could find God without the rituals of the Church so long as they live their life in accordance with the Bible F. Erasmus

8. Feared or Loved I wrote the Prince H. Machiavelli

22

In 1534 Henry VIII put forth the _________ which created the Anglican Church

a. Supremacy Act
b, Peace of Augusburg
c. Diet of Worms

a. Supremacy Act

23

Which was not premise of the Elizabethan Settlement ?
a. Maintain the structure of the Catholic Church
b. Affirming the Monarch as the Head of the Church
c. Using Latin during church services
d. Church became more Protestant than Catholic


d. Church became more Protestant than Catholic

24

Which of the following were outcomes of the Council of Trent ?
a. led by Protestant scholars
b. stated priests were forbidden from marriage
c. selling indulgences was permissible, bun not for false reasons
d. reaffirmed the church's interpretation of the bible

b. stated priests were forbidden from marriage
c. selling indulgences was permissible, bun not for false reasons
d. reaffirmed the church's interpretation of the bible

25

Which wife of Henry VIII kept her head because of her political connections ?

a. Catherine of Aragon
b. Anne Boleyn
c. Jane Seymour
d. Mary Tudor

a. Catherine of Aragon

26

The _____ allowed Germanic Princes to determine the religious affiliation of their territories
a. Peace of Augsburg
b. Treaty of Westphalia
c. Edict of Nantes
d. Papal Bull

a. Peace of Augsburg

27

The Counter Reformation was led by __________ and their leader St. Ignatius
a. Anabaptists
b. Jesuits
c. Presbyterians
d. Protestants

b. Jesuits

28

Which Northern Renaissance artist was considered the German Leonardo
a. Jan van Eyck
b. Quentin Masys
c. Albrecht Durer
d/ Peter Bruegel

c. Albrecht Durer

29

Which Northern Renaissance artist was known for painting peasant life ?
a. Jan van Eyck
b. Quentin Masys
c. Albrecht Durer
d/ Peter Bruegel

d/ Peter Bruegel

30

Which Italian City States were known for shipbuilding and trading
a. Genoa
b. Milan
c. Venice
d. Florence

a. Genoa
b. Milan
c. Venice
d. Florence

31

Which Italian City State was known for its production of Arms and Weapons ?
a. Genoa
b. Milan
c. Venice
d. Florence

a. Genoa
b. Milan
c. Venice

32

Which Italian City State was known for Wool and being the heart of the Renaissance ?
a. Genoa
b. Milan
c. Venice
d. Florence

d. Florence

33

Which childrens story is based off the persecution of Protestants in England ?

?

34

Identify the 2 Stages of the Renaissance

1300-1500 _________
1400-1600 __________

1300-1500 High Middle Ages
1400-1600 Northern Countries
France, Germany, England and Low Countries

35

Why was Europe falling apart in the 1300s ?

Plague and 100 Year's War

36

Why was Italy thriving as a commercial center at start of Renaissance ?

They produced textiles and luxury goods instead of agriculture

37

What is Classical Learning ?

Learning about the past for insight into the future

38

What motives were there for the Wealthy Elite to pay for city improvements and entertainment ?

To satisfy the lower classes and keep them content

39

What are the distinguishing techniques of Renaissance art ?

Sacred subjects with strong emotions. Realistic looking

40

Identify the famous works of art for
a. Leonardo da Vinci
b. Michelangelo Buonarroti
c. Raphael Sanzio

a. Mona Lisa
b. Sistine Chapel
c. School of Athens

41

What factors led to the migration of the Renaissance form Italy to the "North" ?

Invasions, Diplomats, the Printing Press

42

What was the subject matter of Erasmus's book Praise of Folly ?

It mocked human tendencies to ignore reason

43

Who wrote Gargantua and Pantagruel ? What the subject matter of this book ?

Francois Rebelais--Adventure stories about 2 giants--poked fun at church, univerisities

44

What was Jan van Eyck famous for ?

His realistic and colorful oil paintings

45

Where was Martin Luther from and what his profession ?

Germany. A monk and a teacher

46

What was Friar Tetzel trying to raise money for and how was he doing it ?

Raising money to rebuild St. Peter's cathedral in Rome. Selling indulgences

47

What did Luther do in protest of Tetzel's selling of indulgences ?

Posted 95 theses on the door of the Wittenburg castle church

48

What are the 3 ways Luther sought to reform the Church

a. salvation gained only through faith in God
b. All teachings clearly based on words in Bible
c. All people with faith were equal

49

Aside from the Pope himself, who one of the Catholic Church's most ardent supporters ?

Holy Roman Empire's Emperor Charles V

50

Did Luther support the Peasant Revolt in Germany in 1524 ?

He was horrified by it

51

What were the Secular Reasons Germanic Princes supported Luther ?

Saw it as a good way to seize church property

52

How did the Peace of Augsburg settle the issue between Luther and the Catholic Church ?

Gave each prince the right to chose between Protestantism and Catholicism.