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Flashcards in The World Economy Deck (23):
1

Which European country struck a vein of silver in Potosi, Bolivia, fueling commerce in the new world ?
a. Spain
b. Portugal
c. France
d. England

a. Spain

2

Which 2 countries were the largest recipients (via trade) of the New World Silver discovered in Bolivia

a. France
b. China
c. Spain
d. india

China and India

3

Which techologies gave Euopeans an edge in exploration ?
a. Deep draft round hulled ships
b. Improved compass
c. Caravels and application of new sail technology
d. Gunnery and Explosives

a. Deep draft round hulled ships
b. Improved compass
c. Caravels and application of new sail technology
d. Gunnery and Explosives

4

Prince Henry the Navigator established schools of navigation for which country ?
a. portugal
b. Spain

a. portugal

5

What nation won an epic battle against the Spanish Armada in 1588 ?
a. France
b. England
c. Netherlands
d. Portugal

b. England

6

What joint stock company ran a monopoly of trade in India ?
a. Dutch East India Company
b. British East India company


b. British East India company

7

Which is true of the Colombian Exchange ?
a. Disease brought by Europeans killed millions of natives
b. exchange of crops led to unprecedented population growth
c. decimation of natives led to demand for Atlantic slave trade
d. an increase in deforestation and environmental degradation

a. Disease brought by Europeans killed millions of natives

c. decimation of natives led to demand for Atlantic slave trade
d. an increase in deforestation and environmental degradation

8

Despite the advances of European countries, Asian and Muslim countries were not completely displaced from Indian Ocean
T or F

True

9

The Ottoman Navy was defeated in the Battle of Lepanto in 1571, the last major naval battle fought between galley fleets
T or F

True

10

The most active competition for world trade occurred between European nations fighting
a. Each other
b. Asian and Muslim nations

a. Each other

11

Which characterizes Mercantilism

a. nations should try to avoid importing goods from outside its own empire
b. Nations should try to export as much goods as possible
c. Tariff policies are used to encourage domestic manufacturing and discourage manufacturing in colonial territories
d. All

d. All

12

Which would be considered Core Nations

a. England
b. Spain
c. France
d. India

a. England
b. Spain
c. France

13

Which Asian nation chose to isolate itself from world trade
a. China
b. Japan

a. China

14

Which nation marveled at european gunnery and developed a local gunmaking industry based off of Europe's model
a. China
b. Japan

b. Japan

15

Which nation did Britian manipulate for its ample resources of cotton, amongst other resources ?
a) China
b. India
c. Japan
d. Korea

b. India

16

Who is given credit for the initial discovery of America

Christopher Columbus

17

What makes the arrival of Columbus in the new world different from previous explorers ?

He made a big deal about it

18

What goods were exchanged between the West (new world and East (Old World) ?

To the West
New food (sugar )
New animals (horse, cattle and pigs)
Wheel

to the East
tomato, cocoa and potato and corn

19

What are 3 ways Old World culture changed the new world ?

Disease, Animals, Food

20

What diseases spread as a result ?

Chicken pox spread to the east
Syphilis to the west

21

Why were african slaves needed in the new world

So many new world natives died of disease

22

Name the nationality of the explorer and main accomplishment

a. Henry the Navigator
b. Bartholomew Diaz
c. Vasco de Gama
d. Christopher Columbus
d. Amerigo Vespucci
e. Ferdinand Magellan
f. Hernan Cortes
g. Francisco Pizzaro
h. John Cabot
i. Frances Drake
j. Giavanni da Verrazzano
k. Jacques Cartier

a. Henry the Navigator-Portugal-School for Navigators
b. Bartholomew Diaz-Portugal-!st Euro to sail around South Africa
c. Vasco de Gama-Portugal-Rounds cape of good hope an reaches America
d. Christopher Columbus-Spain-discovers west indies, Carribean
d. Amerigo Vespucci-Portugal and Spain-4 voyages to America
e. Ferdinand Magellan-Spain-1st to circumnavigate-dies in Philippines
f. Hernan Cortes-Spain-Conquers Aztecs
g. Francisco Pizzaro-Spain-Conquers Incas
h. John Cabot-English-sails to Canada in 1497
i. Frances Drake-English-2nd to circumnavigate
j. Giavanni da Verrazzano-France-Sails and explores east coast of America
k. Jacques Cartier-France-claims Canada for France

23

What was is Treaty of Tordesillas

The Treaty of Tordesillas divided the newly discovered lands outside Europe between Portugal and Spain along a meridian 370 leagues[note 1] west of the Cape Verde islands (off the west coast of Africa).

This line of demarcation was about halfway between the Cape Verde Islands (already Portuguese) and the islands entered by Christopher Columbus on his first voyage (claimed for Castile), named in the treaty as Cipangu and Antilia (Cuba and Hispaniola).

The lands to the east would belong to Portugal and the lands to the west to Castile. The treaty was signed by Castile, 2 July 1494 and by Portugal, 5 September 1494.

The other side of the world would be divided a few decades later by the Treaty of Zaragoza or Saragossa, signed on 22 April 1529, which specified the antimeridian to the line of demarcation specified in the Treaty of Tordesillas. Originals of both treaties are kept at the Archivo General de Indias in Spain and at the Arquivo Nacional da Torre do Tombo in Portugal.[2]