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Flashcards in Renal Anatomy Deck (24):
1

Kideys are: primary retroperitoneal secondary retroperitoneal

Primary retroperitoneal because they started off in the retroperitoneam and stayed that way

2

Which kidney is lower and why?

right kidney is lower because of the liver

3

What is the anterior to posterior relationship of the: renal: pelvis/vein/arteriy

anterior--> posterior renal vein--renal artery--renal pelvis

4

apx weight of the kidney

150 for male and 135 for femal

5

Medulary pyramid + surrounding cortex =

Renal lobe

6

What are the three 'layers' of the kidney starting out moving in?

Renal capsule

Renal cortex

renal medula

7

contains the renal corpuscles and the renal tubules except for parts of the loop of Henle 

Where ultrafiltration occurs

Renal Cortex

8

contains the structures of the nephrons responsible for maintaining the salt and water balance of the blood. 

Hypertonic to the filtrate in the nephron and aids in the reabsorption of water.

Renal medulla

9

Renal capsule is made of

connective tissue

10

The renal artery divides into _______--> Lobar arteries--> Interlobar arteries--> ______arteries-->Interlobular arteries

Segmental Arteries

Arcuate Arteries

11

Describe the path blood takes in the kidney starting with the renal artery

Refer to image

12

What feeds into the glomeruli

afferent arterioles

13

Kidneys receive ____% of blood from CO from the renal arteries and abdominal aorta

20%

14

Sympathetic innervation of 

Kidney:

Ureter:

Urinary Bladder:

Kidney: T10-L1

Ureter: T11-L2

Urinary Bladder: T11-12

15

What Parasympathetic innervation do we have at the kidneys?

Vagus nerve and Pelvic splanchnic

16

What stuctures are near the kidneys from posterior view?

Green = Respiratory Diaphragm

Salmon = Transversus abdominals

Yellow= Quadratus

Purple = psoas major

17

How are kidneys protected damage within the body cavity?

adipose tissue surrounding them acts as shock absorbers

18

Explain the anatomy of the ureters compared to the iliac artery/vein

Water runs over the bridge

ureters are on top of them

19

In general, referred pain from the kidney and ureter is precieved in the ______ spinal cord level distribution

T10-L2

20

An additional renal artery appears ____% of the time

30%

21

Blood supply of the ureter comes from:

branches of arteries encountered along its course from kidney to urinary bladder

22

Normally the kidneys are:

unpalpable

23

The kidneys are ________ and adjacent to _______ abdominal wall

adjacent

posterior

24

Kidneys are located btwn vertebral levels ____ and ____ 

T12 and L3