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Flashcards in Renal Physiology Deck (24)
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If urea is the waste product of proteins, then the waste product of purines will be?

Uric acid

1

RBCs waste product is bilirubin, while for muscles it is?

Creatinine

2

Location of the kidney

T12-L3 - weighing about 150g

3

Most vascularized part of the kidney

Cortex

4

Functional unit of the kidney

Nephron

5

Only capillaries of the body that leads to arterioles and not venules

Glomerular capillaries - responsible for the GFR

6

Secrets Erythropoietin (EPO)

Interstitial cells of peritubular capillaries

7

Hairpin loop-shaped peritubular capillaries of the juxtaglomerular nephrons that participate in countercurrent exchange

Vasa recta

8

Capacity of the bladder

600ml

9

Urge to urinate

150ml

10

Bladder muscle

Detrusor muscle

11

Type of nephron located at the corticomedullary junction with vasa recta and long loops of Henle

Juxtamedullary nephrons

12

Parts of the nephron

Renal corpuscle
Renal tubular system

13

Capillary endothelium of the renal corpuscles secretes?

Nitric oxide and endothelin - 1

14

Final filtration with filtration slit diaphragm

Podocytes

15

Found in between capillaries, involved in glomerular diseases

Mesangial cells

16

Secretes Renin

JG cells - glomerular cells of the afferent arterioles found at the walls of the afferent arterioles

17

Found at the distal convoluted tubule, monitor sodium concentration in the DT

Macula densa

18

Macula densa is located at?

Early distal tubule or First part of the Distal Tubule

19

Refers to the movement from glomerular capillaries to Bowman's space

Filtration

20

Refers to movement from peritubular capillaries to interstitium to Tubules

Secretion (tubular)

21

Refers to movement from tubules to interstitium to peritubular capillaries

Reabsorption

22

Estimates GFR

Inulin, creatinine

23

Refer to Renal plasma/ blood flow parameter

PAH