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Flashcards in Repro Deck (69)
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1

In what stage are oocytes frozen until induced to differentiate prior to ovulation?

Prophase 1 of Meiosis I (1 oocyte)

2

In what stage are oocytes frozen until fertilization?

Metaphase of Meoisis II (2 oocyte)

3

Hormone that increases maternal insulin resistance, freeing more glucose for fetus, and increases maternal lipolysis and proteolysis

Human Placental Lactogen

4

Human Placental Lactogen is similar structurally to what other hormones?

Prolactin and GH

5

Name the tissue type of the:

Ovary

Simple cuboidal, "germinal"

6

Name the tissue type of the:

Fallopian Tube

Simple columnar, ciliated and peg cells

7

Name the tissue type of the:

Cervix

Simple columnar (endocervix)
Stratified squmaous (exocervix)

8

Name the tissue type of the:

Vagina

Stratified squamous, non-keratinized, contains glycogen

9

Name the tumors arising from the:

Ovary

Serous, mucinous, endometroid, clear cell, Brenner

10

Name the tumors arising from the:

Fallopian Tube

Tumors are rare here!

11

Name the tumors arising from the:

Uterus

Endometroid carcinoma

12

Name the tumors arising from the:

Vagina

Squamous cell carcinoma

13

Estrogen secreting primary ovarian tumor
Call-Exner bodies: small follicle-like structures filled with eosinophilic secretions
Cause abnormal uterine bleeding

Granulosa cell tumor

14

Breast tumor made of solid sheets of pleiomorphic cells Central necrosis
Chronic inflammation
Periductal concentric fibrosis
Calcification

Comedocarcinoma

15

Endometriosis can result in what distortion of organ structure?

Fixed retroversion

16

What is the lymphatic drainage of the penis?

Deep inguinal nodes

17

What is the lymphatic drainage of the scrotum?

Superficial inguinal nodes

18

What is the lymphatic drainage of the testes?

Para-aortic nodes

19

What is the result of Mullerian Aplasia?

Vaginal agenesis: no upper vagina, variable uterine dev
Presents with primary amenorrhea due to lack of uterus
Normal ovaries and secondary sex chars

20

What must be checked for in Mullerian Aplasia

Renal abnormalities, 50% have urological abnormality

21

What is the MOA of MIfepristone?

Progesterone antagonist

22

What is the indication of Mifepristone?

Therapeutic abortion with Misoprotol

23

What is the MOA of Misoprostol?

PGE analog

24

When does estrogen peak in the menstrual cycle?

Follicular phase, causing LH surge + ovulation

25

When does progesterone peak in the menstrual cycle?

Mid-luteal phase, after ovulation, to maintain endometrium and allow for implantation

26

What is adenomyosis?

Endometrial glandular tissue in the myometrium of the uterus

27

What are some distinguishing characteristics of Patau Syndrome (trisomy 13)?

Small head, polydactyly, rocker bottom feet, omphalocele

28

What are some distinguishing characteristics of Edward Syndrome (trisomy 18)?

Prominent occiput, clenched fist, rocker bottom feet, omphalocele

29

What are some distinguishing characteristics of Down Syndrome (trisomy 21)?

Flat head, palmar crease, hirschsprung

30

What is the Rx (3 options) for PCOS?

OCPs (suppress LH)
5a reductase inhibitors (Finasteride)
Testosterone receptor antags (Spironolactone)