Reproductive Embryology II Flashcards Preview

HRM - Anatomy/Embryology/Histology > Reproductive Embryology II > Flashcards

Flashcards in Reproductive Embryology II Deck (16):
1

A woman presents to your office complaining of primary amenorrhea. Physical exam shows a shallow vagina and absence of uterus. What structure was likely absent in development?

Paramesonephric ducts

2

What protein/gene has sometimes been implicated in paramesonephric duct agenesis?

WNT4

3

What is responsible for testicular descent?

Testosterone in the gubernaculum

4

What does the process vaginalis become in a male?

Tunica vaginalis

5

What is cryptorchidism?

Undescended testicle in the ingunal canal

6

What gives rise to the phallus?

Genital tubercle at the cranial end of the cloacal membrane

7

What forms the spongy urethra?

Urogenital folds fusion

8

What do the corpora cavernosa penis and corpus spongiosium penis develop from?

mesenchyme of the phallus

9

What do the labioscrotal swellings form?

Scrotum or labia majora

10

What is the line of fusion of the labioscrotal folds called?

Scrotal raphe

11

What does Male pseudohermaphroditism mean?

XY micropenis and feminine characteristics

12

What causes DSD?

Low testosterone or bad MIF

13

What fails to fuse with Hypospadies?

UG folds
Epithelial cord fails to join spongy urethra

14

What is epispadias associated with?

Exstrophy of the bladder

15

What do the urogenital folds become in the female?

Do not fuse, form labia minora

16

What is a female pseudohermaphrodite?

XX genotype, huge clitoris, fusion of labia from Congenital adrenal hyperplasia