Flashcards in Research Processes Deck (52):
When was the National Institute of Nursing Research established?
What is the importance of nursing research?
To develop a knowledge base unique to nursing by using the scientific method as a guide for decision making
What is the mission of the NINR?
Promote the health of individuals, families, communities and populations
What is the RN's role in research?
To participate as a team member
What is the BSN's role in research?
Develop clinical standards, track data, coordinate implementations of a pilot project, and share findings
What is the MSN's role in research?
Clinical experts, conduct research to monitor the quality of nursing practice and provide leadership
What is the role of a DNP in research?
Appraise, design and conduct research, develop theoretical explanations of phenomena, and disseminate research findings
What are the components for ethical research?
The benefits have to outweigh the risks, review board consulted, and subject participate because they want to
What type of research is quantitative, primarily?
What type of research is qualitative, primarily?
What does qualitative research include?
An understand and narrative, without preconceived ideas
Tools used for study
Group subjects are in
People being studied
Which type of study is best?
Randomized control study
What is the objective of evidence based research?
To obtain the very best, most current information at the right time, when you need it for patient care
What determines the value, feasibility, and usefulness of research?
In which type of research is literature not always used?
Which type of research has a smaller sample size?
Which are the highest levels of studies?
Systematic reviews or meta-analyses
Multiple research studies on a specific topic are reviewed and the findings are statistically analyzed
What types of studies do meta-analyses use?
What level of evidence does meta-analysis use?
Integrates qualitative research findings on a topic and is based on comparative analysis and interpretive synthesis
Become part of culture to understand natives' view of the world
Theory constructed from base of observations of world as it is lived by a selected group of people
Look at someone else's experience
Investigates contemporary phenomenon over time to give in-depth description
Systematic compilation of data and critical presentation, evaluation, and interpretation of facts regarding people, events, and occurrences from the past
What are the three properties of true experimental design?
Randomization, Control, Manipulation
What are the types of qualitative research?
Ethnography, grounded research, phenomenological studies, case study, and historical studies
What is the Hawthorne effect?
Reactive effort that can distort a study; a change in behavior just because that person is being studied
Explores events, people, or situations as they naturally occur; or to test relationships an differences among variables
What are the types of nonexperimental design?
Surveys, relationship studies, methodological research, meta-analysis, and secondary analysis
Explorative, comparative, or descriptive studies that are good for collecting demographic information, social characteristics, and behavioral patterns
What does the correlation coefficient indicate?
The strength of the relationship between two variables
Cross-sectional , longitudinal and prospective, retrospective, and ex post facto studies
Focuses on developmental data collection instruments, including psychometrics, with the goal fo improving reliability and validity
Asks new questions of previously-collected data; looking at a study from a different angle
Reduces data to manageable proportions by summarizing them; describes various characteristics of data under one study
Shows ranking of variables,zero is arbitrarily set
Shows rankings of variables on scales with equal intervals and an absolute zero
Number that describes the middle of a group
Which agency is a research tool kit and an essential nursing resource?
Which agency reviews evidence reports, centers, topics, methodology and clinical guidelines in nursing research?
Agency for Healthcare and Research
Which agency sets clinical guidelines in health and safety topics for nursing research?
Which agency hosts a number of live campaigns on how to improve and sets for measures for improvement of nursing research?
The Institute of Healthcare Improvement
What is the "heart and soul" of evidence based research?
Which type of study requires a lit review?
What are the disadvantages of experimental design?
Relevant variables may not have been identified, not all variables are amendable to experimental design, and experimental design may be difficult to maintain in the field