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Flashcards in Research Processes Deck (52):
0

When was the National Institute of Nursing Research established?

1986

1

What is the importance of nursing research?

To develop a knowledge base unique to nursing by using the scientific method as a guide for decision making

2

What is the mission of the NINR?

Promote the health of individuals, families, communities and populations

3

What is the RN's role in research?

To participate as a team member

4

What is the BSN's role in research?

Develop clinical standards, track data, coordinate implementations of a pilot project, and share findings

5

What is the MSN's role in research?

Clinical experts, conduct research to monitor the quality of nursing practice and provide leadership

6

What is the role of a DNP in research?

Appraise, design and conduct research, develop theoretical explanations of phenomena, and disseminate research findings

7

What are the components for ethical research?

The benefits have to outweigh the risks, review board consulted, and subject participate because they want to

8

What type of research is quantitative, primarily?

Deductive

9

What type of research is qualitative, primarily?

Inductive

10

What does qualitative research include?

An understand and narrative, without preconceived ideas

11

Tools used for study

Instrument

12

Collected information

Data

13

Group subjects are in

Population

14

People being studied

Subject

15

Which type of study is best?

Randomized control study

16

What is the objective of evidence based research?

To obtain the very best, most current information at the right time, when you need it for patient care

17

What determines the value, feasibility, and usefulness of research?

Critique

18

In which type of research is literature not always used?

Qualitative

19

Which type of research has a smaller sample size?

Qualitative

20

Which are the highest levels of studies?

Systematic reviews or meta-analyses

21

Multiple research studies on a specific topic are reviewed and the findings are statistically analyzed

Meta-analysis

22

What types of studies do meta-analyses use?

Quantitative

23

What level of evidence does meta-analysis use?

Level 1

24

Integrates qualitative research findings on a topic and is based on comparative analysis and interpretive synthesis

Metasynthesis

25

Become part of culture to understand natives' view of the world

Ethnography

26

Theory constructed from base of observations of world as it is lived by a selected group of people

Grounded Research

27

Look at someone else's experience

Phenomenological Study

28

Investigates contemporary phenomenon over time to give in-depth description

Case study

29

Systematic compilation of data and critical presentation, evaluation, and interpretation of facts regarding people, events, and occurrences from the past

Historical studies

30

What are the three properties of true experimental design?

Randomization, Control, Manipulation

31

What are the types of qualitative research?

Ethnography, grounded research, phenomenological studies, case study, and historical studies

32

What is the Hawthorne effect?

Reactive effort that can distort a study; a change in behavior just because that person is being studied

33

Explores events, people, or situations as they naturally occur; or to test relationships an differences among variables

Nonexperimental design

34

What are the types of nonexperimental design?

Surveys, relationship studies, methodological research, meta-analysis, and secondary analysis

35

Explorative, comparative, or descriptive studies that are good for collecting demographic information, social characteristics, and behavioral patterns

Surveys

36

What does the correlation coefficient indicate?

The strength of the relationship between two variables

37

Cross-sectional , longitudinal and prospective, retrospective, and ex post facto studies

Developmental Studies

38

Focuses on developmental data collection instruments, including psychometrics, with the goal fo improving reliability and validity

Methodological Study

39

Asks new questions of previously-collected data; looking at a study from a different angle

Secondary analysis

40

Reduces data to manageable proportions by summarizing them; describes various characteristics of data under one study

Descriptive Statistics

41

Shows ranking of variables,zero is arbitrarily set

Interval

42

Shows rankings of variables on scales with equal intervals and an absolute zero

Ratio

43

Number that describes the middle of a group

Central Tendency

44

Which agency is a research tool kit and an essential nursing resource?

ANA

45

Which agency reviews evidence reports, centers, topics, methodology and clinical guidelines in nursing research?

Agency for Healthcare and Research

46

Which agency sets clinical guidelines in health and safety topics for nursing research?

CDC

47

Which agency hosts a number of live campaigns on how to improve and sets for measures for improvement of nursing research?

The Institute of Healthcare Improvement

48

What is the "heart and soul" of evidence based research?

Meta-analysis

49

Which type of study requires a lit review?

Quantitative

50

What are the disadvantages of experimental design?

Relevant variables may not have been identified, not all variables are amendable to experimental design, and experimental design may be difficult to maintain in the field

51

What are the problems with generalizability?

Selection effects, reactive effects, and measurement effects