Flashcards in Respiratory Anatomy Deck (49)
Where is the middle lung lobe auscultated?
Between right ribs 4&6
Where are the lung apex?
Superior to the clavicle
Where can the lung bases be auscultated?
At T11 vertebrae
which rib is the landmark for the anatomical site of the oblique fissures anteriorly
At which spinal cord level does the larynx become the trachea and the pharynx become the oesophagus?
At what level does the trachea bifurcate?
The trachea bifurcates at the level of the sternal angle, at costal cartilage 2
What does the head of a rib articulate with?
The body of thoracic vertebrae
What does the rib tubercle articulate with?
The transverse process of thoracic vertebrae
What does the end of a rib articulate with?
How many intercostal spaces are there?
What are the attachments of the diaphragm?
Which spinal nerves supply the diaphragm?
C3, C4 and C5
(the phrenic nerve is made up of the combined anterior rami)
Describe the pleura surrounding the lungs
Which structures does the lung hilum include?
Pulmonary arteries and veins
Which cranial nerves are stimulated in coughing and sneezing?
Sneezing - CNV and CNIX
Coughing- CNIX and CN X
Describe the course of the phrenic nerves through the neck and chest
Descend through the neck on the anterior surface of the scalenus anterior muscle and then descend through the chest on the lateral aspects of the fibrous pericardium, anterior to the lung root
Which spinal nerves supply the intercostal muscles?
T1 - T11
Name 4 accessory muscles of inspiration
Scalenus anterior/medius and posterior
What are the attachments of the pectoralis major muscle?
What are the attachments of the pectoralis minor muscle?
What are the attachments of the sternocleidomastoid muscle?
Mastoid process of the temporal bones
What are the attachments of the scalenus anterior, medius and posterior?
What are the 4 anterolateral abdominal wall muscles?
What are the attachments of the rectus abdominus?
Zyphoid process, costal margin, pubis
What are the attachments of the external oblique?
Superficial aspects of the lower ribs, iliac crest, pubic tubercle
What are the attachments of the internal oblique?
Inferior border of the lower ribs, iliac crest, thoracolumbar fascia of the lower back
What are the attachments of the transverses abdominus?
Deep aspects of the lower ribs, iliac crest, thoracolumbar fascia of the lower back
What is the linea semilunaris and what is the linea alba?
Linea semilunari - where muscle meets aponeurosis
Linea alba - where aponeurosis meets aponeurosis (midline)
what are some of the functions of the abdominal wall muscles?
Tonic contractions - posture and support of the vertebral column
Guarding contractions- protects abdominal viscera
Contractions - forced expiration