Flashcards in Respiratory Diseases in Childhood Deck (12):
Treatment for acute asthma
What are bronchial breathing and increased vocal fremitus signs of?
7 causes of bronchial breath sounds
The most common cause of stridor in infancy
(The cartilage of the larynx collapses causing airway obstruction)
What does croup look like on an x-ray?
Classic 'steeple' sign
Distension at the hypopharynx
Narrowing of the tracheal air column at the larynx
Treatment of croup?
Oral steroid to reduce inflammation
What increases risk of pneumothorax?
IPPV, CPAP, ventilation, RDS (can also occur spontaneously)
What is chronic lung disease?
Oxygen requirement beyond 36 weeks corrected gestation PLUS evidence of parenchymal lung disease on CXR
Generally, what does chronic lung disease follow?
(healing is associated with continued lung growth over 2-3 years)
A condition with raised immunoreactive trypsin?