Respiratory Diseases in Childhood Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Respiratory Diseases in Childhood Deck (12):
1

Treatment for acute asthma

Oxygen
Nebulised bronchodilator
Oral prednisolone
IV salbutamol
IV aminophylline
IV magnesium
Ventilatory support

2

What are bronchial breathing and increased vocal fremitus signs of?

Consolidation

3

7 causes of bronchial breath sounds

ARDS
Atelectasis
Bronchiectasis
Bronchogenic carcinoma
Lobar pneumonia
Lung collapse
Pneumonia

4

Laryngomalacia?

The most common cause of stridor in infancy
(The cartilage of the larynx collapses causing airway obstruction)

5

What does croup look like on an x-ray?

Classic 'steeple' sign
Distension at the hypopharynx
Narrowing of the tracheal air column at the larynx

6

Viral laryngotracheobronchitis?

Croup

7

Treatment of croup?

Oral steroid to reduce inflammation

8

What increases risk of pneumothorax?

IPPV, CPAP, ventilation, RDS (can also occur spontaneously)

9

What is chronic lung disease?

Oxygen requirement beyond 36 weeks corrected gestation PLUS evidence of parenchymal lung disease on CXR

10

Generally, what does chronic lung disease follow?

RDS
(healing is associated with continued lung growth over 2-3 years)

11

A condition with raised immunoreactive trypsin?

Cystic fibrosis

12

Treatment of respiratory distress syndrome?

Steroids (stimulates surfactant production)