Flashcards in Respiratory Embryology Deck (26):
What action gives rise to the primitive gut tube?
The trachea and lungs form from what?
What is the name of the median outgrowth from the ventral foregut?
Laryngotracheal groove (diverticulum)
What forms between the trachea and oesophagus to separate them?
What is a fistula? What is common in the respiratory system?
Abnormal/surgical passage made between two tubular organs
(tracheoesophageal fistula common)
Atresia is what?
Condition in which a passage is closed or absent
The visceral pleura is formed of what?
The parietal pleura is formed of what?
The gap between the parietal and visceral pleura is called what?
What are the pleuroperitoneal folds?
Folds forming around the heart separating pleural and pericardial cavities
Sequence of differentiation of lung buds
Common congenital conditions of the lungs
Lobe of azygos vein
Which 4 embryonic components form the diaphragm?
Dorsal mesentery of oesophagus
Muscular ingrowth from lateral body walls
Septum Transversum forms what?
Central tendon of the diaphragm
The Pleuroperitoneal membranes form what?
The Dorsal mesentery of oesophagus forms what?
Median portion of diaphragm
Crura of diaphragm
Muscular ingrowth from lateral body walls forms what?
Where is septum transversum intially located? Which way does it migrate?
3 major defects in congenital diaphragm disorders?
Failure of diaphragm to close
Herniation into chest
What are the diaphragmatic hernias?
Incomplete development of the diaphragm
What are hiatus hernias?
Bulging of the stomach into the chest through the oesophageal hiatus
What are the two types of hiatus hernia?
What structure forms the central tendon?
What structure forms the crura and medial portion of the diaphragm?
What structure forms the primitive diaphragm?