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Flashcards in Respiratory Exam 2 Deck (76)
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1

ARDS

secondary cause. is a state of progressive oxygen deprivation following a serious illness or injury.
hypoxemic. will end up having hypoxia. ARDS patient is emergent.

know ABGs.

2

legionnaires

Legionnaires' disease is a type of pneumonia caused by legionella bacteria.


contagious from air conditioning. bacteria.

3

pulmonary embolus

an embolus (clot) in the lungs

Prevent pulmonary embolism by encouraging clients to ambulate and to perform active exercises.

4

sinusitis

an inflammation of the mucous membranes of one or more of the sinuses, usually the maxillary or frontal sinus.

5

asthma

chronic inflammatory disorder of the airways that results in intermittent and reversible airflow obstruction of the bronchioles

6

allergic rhinitis

inflammation of the nasal mucosa nd often the mucosa in the sinuses that can be caused by infection (viral or bacterial) or allergens.

7

atelectasis

deflated or collapsed alveoli

8

pneumonia

an inflammation of the lung with consolidation or solidification. The lung becomes firm as the air sacs are filled with exudates.

9

pulmonary tb

caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium. You can get TB by breathing in air droplets from a cough or sneeze of an infected person. contagious

10

emphysema

loss of lung elasticity and hyperinflation of lung tissue. Causes destruction of the alveoli, leading to a decreased surface area for gas exchange, carbon dioxide retention, and respiratory acidosis.

11

status asthmaticus

life threatening episode of airway obstruction that is often unresponsive to common treatment.

extreme wheezing, labored breathing, use of accessory muscles, and distended neck veins, and creates a risk for cardiac and or respiratory arrest.

12

tension pneumothorax

occurs when air enters the pleural space during inspiration through a one way valve and is not able to exit upon expiration

mediastinal shift

13

pulmonary edema

A condition caused by excess fluid in the lungs.

14

hemothorax

accumulation of blood in the pleural space

15

bronchoconstriction

the constriction of the airways in the lungs due to the tightening of surrounding smooth muscle, with consequent coughing, wheezing, and shortness of breath

16

empyema

purulent (pus-containing) exudate in the pleural cavity.

17

what's the BCG vaccine have to do with a positive PPD

clients who have received a BCG vaccine within the past 10 years can have a false positive mantoux test. These clients will need a chest X-ray to see if TB is an active infection.

18

what does inoculation mean

Getting yourself sick again.

19

respiratory acidosis risk factors are?

resp. depression from poisons, anesthetics, trauma, of euro diseases.

inadequate chest expnasion

airway obstruction

alveolar-capillary blockage secondary to pulmonary embolus

inadequate mechanical ventilation

20

describe purse lip breathing and why it's used

The purpose of PLB is to create back-pressure inside airways to splint them open; moving air thus takes less work.

21

what group of people is the priority for the flu vaccine? why?

children first

22

what labs do we monitor if a pt is on TB meds and why

.

23

normal adult range for ABGs

pH 7.35 - 7.45 (acid - alka)
PaCO2 35 - 45 (alka - acid)
HCO3 22 -26 (acid - alka)

24

know the ROME mnemonic

Respiratory
Opposite

Metabolic
Equal

25

normal adults sa02 range

95% - 100%

26

what physical attributes during your assessment would lead you to believe your pt has COPD

barrel-chest
clubbed fingers
JVD
muscles on the shoulders
skinny extremities

27

whats the difference between an embolus and a thrombus

thrombus stays. an embolus travels through the blood stream.

28

what does prophylactic mean

preventative measure

29

what test are AST and ALT

It is measured with a blood test and is sometimes useful in medical diagnosis to differentiate between causes of liver damage, or hepatotoxicity.

30

what is rebound congestion mean

Rhinitis medicamentosa (or RM) is a condition of rebound nasal congestion brought on by extended use of topical decongestants

nasal sprays. everything but saline.