Flashcards in Respiratory Exam 2 Deck (76)
secondary cause. is a state of progressive oxygen deprivation following a serious illness or injury.
hypoxemic. will end up having hypoxia. ARDS patient is emergent.
Legionnaires' disease is a type of pneumonia caused by legionella bacteria.
contagious from air conditioning. bacteria.
an embolus (clot) in the lungs
Prevent pulmonary embolism by encouraging clients to ambulate and to perform active exercises.
an inflammation of the mucous membranes of one or more of the sinuses, usually the maxillary or frontal sinus.
chronic inflammatory disorder of the airways that results in intermittent and reversible airflow obstruction of the bronchioles
inflammation of the nasal mucosa nd often the mucosa in the sinuses that can be caused by infection (viral or bacterial) or allergens.
deflated or collapsed alveoli
an inflammation of the lung with consolidation or solidification. The lung becomes firm as the air sacs are filled with exudates.
caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium. You can get TB by breathing in air droplets from a cough or sneeze of an infected person. contagious
loss of lung elasticity and hyperinflation of lung tissue. Causes destruction of the alveoli, leading to a decreased surface area for gas exchange, carbon dioxide retention, and respiratory acidosis.
life threatening episode of airway obstruction that is often unresponsive to common treatment.
extreme wheezing, labored breathing, use of accessory muscles, and distended neck veins, and creates a risk for cardiac and or respiratory arrest.
occurs when air enters the pleural space during inspiration through a one way valve and is not able to exit upon expiration
A condition caused by excess fluid in the lungs.
accumulation of blood in the pleural space
the constriction of the airways in the lungs due to the tightening of surrounding smooth muscle, with consequent coughing, wheezing, and shortness of breath
purulent (pus-containing) exudate in the pleural cavity.
what's the BCG vaccine have to do with a positive PPD
clients who have received a BCG vaccine within the past 10 years can have a false positive mantoux test. These clients will need a chest X-ray to see if TB is an active infection.
what does inoculation mean
Getting yourself sick again.
respiratory acidosis risk factors are?
resp. depression from poisons, anesthetics, trauma, of euro diseases.
inadequate chest expnasion
alveolar-capillary blockage secondary to pulmonary embolus
inadequate mechanical ventilation
describe purse lip breathing and why it's used
The purpose of PLB is to create back-pressure inside airways to splint them open; moving air thus takes less work.
what group of people is the priority for the flu vaccine? why?
what labs do we monitor if a pt is on TB meds and why
normal adult range for ABGs
pH 7.35 - 7.45 (acid - alka)
PaCO2 35 - 45 (alka - acid)
HCO3 22 -26 (acid - alka)
know the ROME mnemonic
normal adults sa02 range
95% - 100%
what physical attributes during your assessment would lead you to believe your pt has COPD
muscles on the shoulders
whats the difference between an embolus and a thrombus
thrombus stays. an embolus travels through the blood stream.
what does prophylactic mean
what test are AST and ALT
It is measured with a blood test and is sometimes useful in medical diagnosis to differentiate between causes of liver damage, or hepatotoxicity.