Respiratory System Topic 14 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Respiratory System Topic 14 Deck (40):
1

What are the main functions of the respiratory system?

-Air movement
-Exchange of gases

2

What are the two subdivsions of the RS?

-Upper
-Lower

3

What are the parts of the upper part of the RS?

-Nose
-Nasal Cavity
-Pharynx

4

What are the parts of the lower RS?

-Larynx
-Trachea
-Bronchial Tree
-Lungs

5

All parts of the RS has what similar characteristics?

-Lined with mucosa
-Epthelial tissue

6

How can the RS epithelial tissue be described?

Ciliated pseudostratified columanr epithelium

7

What is the scientific name for nostrils?

Nares

8

What is the nose supported by?

-Bone
-Hyaline Cartilage

9

What are the functions of the Nasal Cavity?

-Airway Passage (heat + moisten air)
-Olfaction
-Speech (resonance chamber)

10

What divides the nasal cavity?

The Nasal Septum

11

What is the anterior part of the nasal septum called?

Hyaline Cart

12

What is the posterior part of the nasal septum?

-Vomer
-Ethmoid
-Maxilae
-Palatine Bones

13

What are the 3 areas of the the nose?

-Vestibule
-Respiratory area
-olfactory area

14

Where is the vestibule and what is it lined with?

Anterior region and lined with coarse hairs

15

Where is the respiratory area located?

Posterior region

16

Where is the olfactory area located and what is it's purpose?

-Roof of cavity
-Sense of smell

17

Where are the 8 air filled spaces in skull for the paranasal sinuses?

-Frontal
-Sphenoid
-Ethmoid
-Maxillae

18

What is the function of the paranasal sinuses?

-Warm moisten air
-Lighten skull

19

What is sinustits?

-Inflammation of mucous membrane

20

What are the 3 areas of the pharynx?

-Nasopharynx
-Oropharnynx
-Larygopharynx

21

What is the function of the nasopharynx?

-Air passage only

22

What tonsil does the naropharynx contain?

Pharyngeal tonsil

23

What're are the two openings in the nasopharynx?

-2 posterior nasal apertures
-2 Eustachian tubes

24

Where is the oropharynx located?

posterior to oral cavity

25

What type of cells are in the oropharynx?

Stratified squamous epithelium

26

What tonsil does oropharynx contain?

Palatine tonsil
Lingual tonsil

27

What passes through the laryngopharynx?

air and food

28

Does the hyaline cartilage decrease or increase as the order increaes?

Decreases

29

What type of cells do most tubes have?

Ciliated pseudostratified columnar epithelium

30

What epithelium does the trachea contain?

Stratified Squamous

31

In the terminal branches what type of epithelium does it contain?

Simple cubodial

32

How many cavities does the right lung have?

3

33

Which lung has an indentation in it to make room for the heart?

Left

34

What is the pleural cavity filed with?

Serous Fluid

35

Where does the gas exchange happen?

Respiratory zone

36

What three cell types is the alveolus wall composed of?

-Simple Squamous
-Simple Cuboidal
-Macrophages

37

What is the function of the surfactant?

Move the water so you don't have to work against the water tension

38

In a pulmonary embolism. What is the main issue?

-Clots in the veins
-air in the veins

39

What happens when you get stabbed in the lung?

-Lung collapse
-Air into the lungs

40

What is the difference with a lung affected by emphysema and a normal lung?

-alveolar walls break down
-fewer larger alveoli