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Flashcards in Rise Of The Renaissance Deck (43):
1

What does renaissance means?

Re birth
Humanism re born
Re born
1440- 1600
They wanted to re born the things they lost in the fall of rome

2

What happen in the 1440 year?

Printed press was invented

3

What happen before the renaissance?

The feudalism notices Half of the population was dead
They try different ways , the invention of machines ( devoloping machines that can make labor efficient) that is when the renaissance began

4

Whatnis the biggest value in the renaissance?

Reading, writing and education
The printing press

5

The renaissance created the terms...

Middle ages
Dark age
Etc...

6

The renaissance focus on?

Rediscover Classical humanism, but within a Christian context (focus On site spiritual ways)

7

They changed the greek time...

As the roman classical christian style

8

What is the roman classical christian style example?

Moses

9

What are the characteristics of Moses

-Zeus as Moses
- Physical and psychological patterns of humanism
- los cuernos

10

Moses as Zeus was painted by?

Michelangelo

11

What is Pieta?

- Is a statue of the mother Mary with jesus On her legs

12

Who did the pieta?

Michelangelo

13

Hat are the characteristics of the pieta?

The grieving mother of her crucified son
- pity (lastima) , lamemtation
- She holds her son as a baby
- Mary is bigger than Jesus "idealistic" en vez de realista
- Is about Mary's emotion
- Children are supposed to see their parents die
- In the pieta Mary as a mother sees her son dies

14

What are the platonic ideals applied at the pieta?


- it looks visually perfect, they were distorted to see perfection

15

The artists took credit of their art?

In the middle ages it was seen bad to put their names in their art because it is supposed to be made by god

16

What were the characteristics of David the sculpture by michelangelo?

- Nude youthful David as a warrior, with his weapon (slimshot)
- Rediscovered humanism"
- Compared to Praxiteles

17

Who did Virgin and Child with St. Anne?

Leonardo Da Vinci

18

What are the characteristics of the Firgin and child with St Anne?

- Lovimg mother
- Shows humanity (emotions)
- Twobabies (John the baptist and Jesus)
- St. Anne
- The difference of the Medieval ( Duccio- Madonna majesta ( flat mary with angels))
- Baby Jesus gives the blessing to John the baptist

19

Who was St. Anne?

Mother of Mary

20

What were the two examples of pagan forms and ovid myths?

- Boticelli - Birth of Venus (sirena)
- Boticelli - Venus and Mars

21

What were the new techniques and media in the renaissance?

Perspective
Illusion of depth
Oil On canvas
Size perspectivw
The foreshortened form

22

What are the advantages of the oil On site canvas?

Dries extremely slow
Vibrant and bright colors

23

What is perspective?

Is the illusion of depth

24

What are the characteristics of the persoective?

- objects higher On the picture appear further away
- smalles objects appear further away

25

What is the example paintings for the perspective?

Tintoretto- last supper
Leonardo da vinci - the las supper

26

What is one of the things to create perspective?

Fortshortened

27

What is forshortened?

- to reduce/distort (parts of a represented pbject that are not parallel to the picture plane) in order to convey the illusion of depth

28

What is the vanishing point?

Where the parallel lines combine

29

What is sfumato?

Is a technique that Da Vinci used that is gradual blending of one area of color into another without a sharp outline (smokey effect)

30

What are the two examples of the sfumato effect?

- Leonardo Da Vinci- Madonna of the Rocks
- Leonardo Da Vinci - Mona lisa

31

What are the characteristics of the Northern Renaissance?

- Commercial revolution and the development of capitalism ($)
- Textile trade and rise of me (what things are worth example)
- Capital wealth over land- based wealth and the decline of feudalism
- New Christianity

32

What is capitalism?

System based On $
Fluid and dynamic

33

Who were the people in charge of capitalism?

Merchants

34

Who were the merchants?

- People who made their living through commerce and trade
- They made things, sold things, market things.
- They were not in the prestigious class, but they were wealthy

35

What are the two examples of merchant paintings?

- Gossaert - Portrait of a merchant
- Mestsys - The moneylender and his wife

36

What were the characteristics of the merchant paintings?

- there is money wealth
- Coins
- Scale
-

37

What is the split of the catholic church in the renaissance?

- The reformation and the rejection of Catholic monopoly of faith (protestant)
- Split of the church

38

What does luther posts?

95 theses of debate
- 95 things he wants to change in the church from that they created the protestants

39

Who is a protestant?

- Protestant is who practices christianity, but is not a catholic

40

What are the characteristics of the protestants?

- Humble
- Individual conscience
- Direct/personal relationship with God
- Vernacular bibles advanced by the printing press

41

What are the examples of the protestant paintings?

- Bruegel- The Wedding fest
- Bruegel - Hunters in the snow
- Sluter - Moses

42

What are the characteristics of the Bruegel- the wedding fest?

- Live a humble life
- Happens at the same time as capitalism
- Is not in a palace is in a barn
- The groom serves the meal
- The food is not royal
- Everything is humble

43

What are the characteristics of the Sluter- Moses?

- Protestant of the north did it
- Humble
- has the horns or the tablets
- in comparison of Moses the zeus from the south by michelangelo