Flashcards in Neoplatonism Deck (40)
What does uomo universale means?
Universal land (Renaissance man)
What as the focus of Renaissance man?
A broadly educated person with an understanding of everything, though not an expert in any one thing.
Aprender de todo para tener un conocimiento universal y sepa no solo un tema sino todos
What was important in the Renaissance?
Who was the character that had a lot of knowledge in the Renaissance?
Leonardo Da vinci
What were the knowledges of Leonardo Da Vinci?
- Study the quatics
- Study the dynamics
- he was a good player too
- He also write backwards
What is Neoplatonism?
- Neo means new
- Plato refers to the philosophy of Plato
What are the characteristics of the Neoplatonism?
Plato's idealism (ideal forms) rediscovered by the renaissance
The concrete is not perfect
Illusion to reason to knowledge
What are the three Neoplatonic themes?
- The platonic Courtier
- Platonic Government
- Platonic Love
What was the Platonic Courtier?
- Book I
- Book IV
- The courtier always tells the truth
What was the book I about?
- The flower of the courtier
- How to speak correctly in different forms, how to behave, how to dress
- Courtesy manners
What was the Book IV about?
- Is the essential fruit of the Courtier
- To advise the prince
What is the Platonic Government ?
- Rule of the one
- Rule of the few/best (oligarchy)
- Rule of the many (Republic vs. Mob rule)
What is Plato's idealism (Ideal forms) ?
- Perfection exist only in a world of ideas
- The concrete is not perfect
- Perfectionism is eternal
What is platonism?
- Is a process through were trying to (reason) transcend from the concrete to the abstract in understanding
- From illusion, to reason, to knowledge ( allegory of the cave)
- Your senses deceive you all the time
What are the three part division of the NeoPlatonism?
- The concrete
- The reasoned
- The Intellect
What is the concrete?
(Earthly form) Shadows on the wall of the cave
What is the reasoned?
- Man's ability to act on reflection rather than instict
- The fire burning in the cave
What is the intellect?
- Pure understanding in the abstract
- The light leading man from the darkness of the cave
What are the two bests books of the renaissance?
- The book of the courtier
- The Prince by Micheaveli
What is the rule of the one?
(Monarch vs Tyrant)
The rule of one can be manifest in its ideal best and it can also be depicted in its ideal worst
- Monarchy (best)
- Tyrant (worst)
What prevents the Monarch to become a Tyrant?
What is the rule of the many?
(Republic vs Mob rule/democracy)
- republic (many)
- Democracy (passion)
What is the platonic love?
"Rational love is happier than sensual love..."
The goal is to transcend the physical to the Platonic love (because the physical world always decays)
- Earthly vs spiritual love
The Platonic/Rational love...
What are the three faculties of the human soul?
What is the sense faculty?
- Instinctive and earthly not unlike an animal
-We become attached and we want to possesed
- Our senses deceive us all the time
Ejemplo de la cita con el hombre hermoso y perfecto
What is the sentence of the Book of the courtier that we can not forget?
BEAUTY IS ALWAYS GOOD
What is the reason faculty?
Reflective and rational unique to man
- Desires things through rational choice which is proper to man
- to transcend our senses (humanity)
Ejemplo del helado "i want one sundae tomorrow, but not today"
What is the intellect faculty?
Opposite of the senses it is pure knowledge unfettered by earthly dross
- Spiritual things
What is the Michelangelo Sistine Ceiling frescos?
A Neoplatonic transcendence to God's divine knowledge
From earthly base appetites, through reason, to intellectual union with God's divine ligt
How many art works are in the sistine chapel?
What is the intoxication of Noah painting?
Is shown drunk and nakes
What is the Flood?
In the bible the earth is destroyed by a flow because of the sin of the man
What is the sacrifice of Noah?
Based on the senses
What is the fall of men painting?
This represents the first moment of human reason
What is the creation of eve painting?
Another aspect of human reason
The creation of woman
What is the creation of Adam painting?
The most famous
The conscious aspect of humanity
When incadu becomes aware
The creation of man
What is the God separates the water and earth painting?
What is the God creates sun, moon, and plants on earth painting?