Russification Flashcards Preview

Tsarist and Communist Russia > Russification > Flashcards

Flashcards in Russification Deck (14):
1

What does Russification mean?

Forcing everyone in Russia to think of themselves as 'Russian' by enforcing Russian culture and language.

2

Why was Russification necessary?

Over 100 different ethnic groups. National identity was important.

3

What was the problem of Ethnic Minorities?

Third of the population had different nationalities. Challenge for Tsarist autocracy.

4

How did Alexander II enforce Russification?

1863 - Polish rebellion, guerrilla warfare against the Tsar. Did not systematically persecute. Made concessions. Increased intolerance: 1876 - prohibition on Ukrainian language.

5

How did Alexander III enforce Russification?

A more aggressive campaign. Destruction of non-Russian culture.

6

What did Alexander III impose in European Russia?

Use of Russian language. Suppressed uprisings.

7

What did Alexander III impose in Poland?

Teaching subjects in Russian. 1885 - Polish National Bank closed. Catholic monasteries closed.

8

What did Alexander III impose in Finland?

Use of Russian Language. Parliament reorganized to be weaken political influence. Independent postal service abolished.

9

What did Alexander III impose in the Baltic Provinces?

Enforce the Russian language (1885/89). 37,000 Lutherans converted to Orthodoxy.

10

What did Alexnder III impose in Ukraine?

1883 - use of Ukranian language restricted, 1884 - Ukranian theatres closed. Military dispersed to prevent uprisings.

11

What did Alexnder III impose in Aisain Russia?

All Russian Orthodox converted heathens and Muslims. 1883 - members of non- Orthodox churches could be exiled.

12

What were the consequences of Russification?

Caused resistance, mass disturbances and resentment. Intensified feelings from non-Russians and enouraged them to join political opposition groups.

13

What was anti-semitism like in Russia??

Jews were confined to the Pal of Settlement. People resented Jews because of teachings of the Orthodox church and their personal riches Alexander III was ati-semitic

14

What were the Jewish pogroms (1881 - 664)

Jews were concentrated in one area - a target. Causes could be: Business competition and encouraged by the Okhrana, Government did little to stop the violence. Jewish property destroyed. 1882 - Jews had to live in ghettos.