The Russian Autocracy in 1855 Flashcards Preview

Tsarist and Communist Russia > The Russian Autocracy in 1855 > Flashcards

Flashcards in The Russian Autocracy in 1855 Deck (10):
1

Who ruled the Russian autocratic empire?

The Tsar

2

What role did the Orthodox Church have?

Close links to the government, people in the Church helped the Tsar to rule

3

Who were the civil servants?

Paid noble officials paid to implement the Tsars rules

4

What was the armed forces made up from?

Conscripted serfs (25 years) - higher ranks were nobles

5

What was the state of Russia economically in 1855?

Behind compared to other countries, poor communication, based on serfdom, self-sufficient, exported agriculture mainly

6

Who were the Landowning Elite?

They owned serfs - many were in debt

7

Who were urban artisans?

Manufacturers and merchants

8

Who were the intelligentsia?

Small number of professionals, educated

9

What occurred during the Crimean War?

Russia wanted more control of the Black Sea, involved British, France and Turks, eventually they lost

10

What was the impact of the Crimean War?

Politically - inadequate leadership. Economically - outdated technology, poor transport. Socially - peasant uprisings. Russia needed to change.