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Flashcards in Sanskrit Deck (246)
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1

Yoga

Yoga: to yoke. It referred to the harnessing of animals to carts in order to make use of them.
"The concentrated effort applied to the accomplishment of spiritual disciplines designed to bring the practitioner (conveyance, vehicle) to a cessation of identification with the ego-sense, leading to the elimination of the false sense of separation from the Self (union, absorb). As such, Yoga is the means (remedy, cure) to remove the affliction of ignorance and the essence of all spiritual paths"; The experience of union btwn seeker and Purusha.

2

Chitta

Mind/ mind-stuff. Refers to the mind in its totality- subconscious, conscious, and unconscious. It is separate from Prakriti and Purushu. It is the reflected consciousness of the Purusha on Prakriti. The direct experience of the Purusha provides the ultimate quest.

3

Vritti

Fluctuations, whirl, turn, revolve, activities, changes, operations.
Vritti is the practice of constructing concepts of reality from mental impressions. It creates filters that distort perception. When vritti activity ceases, filters are removed and we perceive Reality in its entirety.

4

Nirodhah

Control, regulation, channeling, mastery, integration, coordination, understanding, stilling, quieting.
Nirodhah can sound like the suppression or repression of thoughts and emotions, which is definitely not what Yoga is about. Rather, it has to do with a process more like coordinating and setting aside what is not significant or not-self. It is exercised by purposeful Redirection of attention.

5

Purusha

Enlightenment. Pure unbounded consciousness, the indwelling God; Self, Seer, Spirit. The direct experience of the Purusha provides the ultimate quest. Are there infinite Purushas or One Absolute Truth? That which is eternal and unchanging.

6

Prakriti

Undifferentiated matter; nature. That which is impermanent and changing. Challenges and blinds the Purusha.

7

Avidya

Spiritual Ignorance; Obstructs the experience of Purusha; the confusion of the Seer (Purusha) with the seen (Prakriti)

8

Om

the Cosmic Vibration; the source of all mantras

9

Samadhi

the super-conscious state, absorption into the object of contemplation

10

Ishwara

God; the supreme cosmic soul; pure conciousness

11

Manas

The recording faculty of the citta; the aspect through which impressions enter.

12

Ahamkara

The ego, the sense that we are individuals, separate from each other and our environment. Ahamkara claims the impressions from manas and buddhi as its own, bundling thoughts to form the individual mind. The ego stakes out the borders of self-identity and then exerts effort to maintain and strengthen it. Goal is to transcend the ego, from identifying oneself as the body-mind to the realization of oneself as Purusha.

13

Buddhi

Discriminative faculty of the mind. It takes the impressions from manas and, through comparison and discrimination, categorizes them, allowing the impressions to be stored for access at a later time. It is the liaison between Purusha and Prakriti.

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Pratyaya

Solitary thought / impression; the cause, the feeling, causal or cognitive principle, notion, content of mind, presented idea, cognition

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Samskaras

habits; subconscious impressions

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Tada

Then, at that time

17

Drashtuh

the seer's,of the soul, witness, Atman, Self

18

Svarupe

in its own nature,own form or essence (sva=own; rupa = form)

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Avasthanam

Stability, setting, remaining, being in a state, resting, standing, abiding

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Atha

Now, at this auspicious moment

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Anu-shasanam

Anu- Within, implies being subsequent to something else. Shasanam = instruction, disciple, training, exposition.

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Sarupyam

Similarity, assimilation, appearance of, identification of form or nature; sa=with; rupa=form

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Itaratra

Elsewhere, at other times

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Vrittayah

The vrittis are

25

Pancatayah

five fold (and of two kinds); panch means five

26

Klishta

colored, painful, afflicted, impure (n. klesha)

27

Aklishta

a - without; klistha - colored, painful...

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Pramana

Right

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Viparyaya

Wrong; unreal cognition, indiscrimination, perverse cognition, wrong knowledge, misconception, incorrect knowing, not seeing clearly

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Vikapla

Imagined