SCHAFFER + EMERSON [forming attachments] Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in SCHAFFER + EMERSON [forming attachments] Deck (13):
1

What does this study investigate?

The formation of attachment at particular ages

2

What was the sample for this study?

60 working-class Glaswegian mothers and their infants

3

What design did this study use?

Longitudinal

4

How was this study carried out?

- mothers & babies were visited monthly for the first year
- [visited again at 18 months]
- their relationships were observed and recorded, mothers were interviewed and kept a diary of attachment

5

What 3 measures did this study record?

STRANGER ANXIETY
SEPARATION ANXIETY
SOCIAL REFERENCING

6

How were these measures studied?

In 7 everyday separations

7

What were the findings of this study?

Infant formed first specific attachment to the adult who was the most responsive to their signals - not necessarily who the infant spent the most time with

8

How many infants showed separation anxiety at 25-32 weeks?

50%

9

How many infants had specific attachments by 40 weeks?

80%

10

What did Schaffer and Emerson propose from their findings?

Four stages of attachment

11

What is the benefit of using a longitudinal design for this study?

Same children were observed at different ages = no confounding variables from individual differences

12

Why does this study have good external validity?

It was carried out in own homes and recorded by caregiver, therefore it was relatively unaffected by observers

13

What is a criticism of this study?

All families were from a specific district, therefore results cannot be generalised