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Flashcards in school aged (including preschool) Deck (20):
1

kawasaki disease

A condition that causes inflammation in the walls of some blood vessels in the body.

strawberry tongue
after fever, skin PEELS off hands and feet
lymph

tx: high dose aspirin and gamma globulin
ca have serious sequel; blood clots, aortic dissection.

CLOSE follow up with cardiologist several years

2

leukemia

extreme fatigue, pale skin, easy bruising, bone pain

3

acute lymphocytic leukemia ( ALL)

fast growing cancer of the lymphoblast (immature lymphocytes)
>50,000 WBC
lower cure rate in AA and hispanic

4

acute myelogenous leukemia (AML)

fast growing cancer of the bone marrow, myeloblasts
children's with down's have better cure rates esp if

5

reyes sydnrome

hx of viral illness (chicken pox, flu)
aspirin/salicylate intake ( pepto)
mortality 52%!

6

down's syndome

17% have atlantoaxial instability (gap between c1 and c2 joints),

MEDICAL CLEARANCE and cervical spin x ray is necessary for sports! no contact sports, trampoline

7

preschool immunizations ( between 4-6 yo)

MMR, varicella, IPV, polio, dtap

8

middle school (11-12 yo ) immunization

tdap booster!
meningococall (mcv4)
hpv (gardisil)

9

fragile x syndrome

large head, large body
mental retardation
autism common, hyperactive behavior

10

hand foot mouth disease

viral coxsackievirua a16

s/s: sore throat- ulcers in side the mouth/tongue
blisters to hands/feet/diaper area

tx: salt water gargle, pain medication ( no aspirin)
resolves in 1 week

11

impetigo

honey colored lesions, fragile bulllae, itchy

12

measles

koplik spots are small white papules in side the cheeks by rear molars

13

varicella

rash in DIFFERENT stages, new lesions crop daily
papules, vesicles, pustules, crusts.

14

scarlet fever

"sandpaper" rash with sore throat
strawberry tongue ( also seen with kawasaki disease)

15

molluscum contagiosum

A viral skin infection that results in round, firm, painless bumps.
smooth wax like round papules 5mm. white plug

16

scabies

in-between webs of hands, waist, axillae, penis. very itchy

17

immunization needed at 11-12 yo

hpv, tdap, mcv4 ( meniogoccal)

18

piaget for 11 yo

abstract thinking.

19

what is mulluscum caused by

poxvirus ( painless bumps)

20

youngest age group for HPV (gardasil)

9 yo