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Flashcards in Search for causes of Perio Disease Deck (48)
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1

define epidemiology

study of health and disease within the total population rather than an individual

2

what are risk factors

anything that increases the host susceptibility to perio disease

3

name 5 risk factors for perio

1. heredity
2. personal behavior
3. physical environment
4. socioeconomic status
5. gender: males have more perio than females

4

why do epidemiologists study perio disease? (2)

1. determine its occurrence in the population
2. identify risk factors for perio disease

5

what is prevalence?

number of ALL cases of a disease (old and new) that are identified in a specific population at a given point of time

6

what is incidence?

number of NEW disease cases in a population that occurs during a specific interval of time

7

perio level in regard to:
education
age
access to dental care

education: increased perio on lower level education
age: older you are, more perio
access to dental care: barriers such as driving or paying

8

T/F: it is easier to evaluate a population for perio disease than caries

false: easier to evaluate caries

9

what variables must we consider when evaluating perio disease?

tissue color changes and swelling
degree of bleeding
probe depths

10

what is one of the most widespread diseases in adults

perio disease

11

before 1960, clinicians believed ____ was a mechanical irritant to tissues that caused perio disease

calculus

12

before 1960: _____ + _____ = disease

calculus deposits + tooth = disease

13

between 1975-1985: ___ + ______ =disease

bacteria + tooth = disease

14

the interaction of ______ controls whether disease is present or not

the host and the pathogenic bacteria

15

what are 3 factors that increase host susceptibility to perio disease

1. oral conditions (crowding)
2. systemic disease (diabetes)
3. genetics

16

the current views are that professional prophylaxis is scheduled how often?

as frequently as needed

17

if there is no improvement in the patients mouth, whos fault is it?

it is not the patients fault

18

current views: _____ + ______ = disease

bacteria + host response to bacterial infection = disease

19

disease progression means ____

disease gets worse

20

what theory is used to understand how untreated perio progresses

intermittent progression theory

21

does destruction occur in all parts of the mouth at the same time?

no

22

risk factors are factors that ____ or ____ the liklihood of developing perio disease

modify or amplify

23

what are the major established risk factors for perio

1. bacterial pathogens
2. cigarette smoking
3. local oral conditions
4. diabetes mellitus

24

the _____ to bacteria is responsible for tissue destruction seen in periodontist

body's response

25

_____ are etiologic agents in perio disease

bacteria

26

what part of the mouth harbors the most bacteria

the tongue

27

T/F: most bacteria are harmful

false; most are innocuous (not harmful)

28

what is the most abundant type of cell

bacteria

29

top 4 places where bacteria are found

1. sponge
2. money
3. cell phone
4. keyboard

30

type of bacteria according to shape: cocci, bacilli, vibrios, spirilla, spirochetes

cocci: circular, round
bacilli: rods
vibrios: rods
spirilla: spiral shaped
spirochetes: long, slender, slightly coiled