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Flashcards in Sec 102 HX Deck (105):
1

USMC created on what date

10 NOV 1775

2

what year did the USMC come under the DON

1834

3

what year did the Marines Invade New Province

1776

4

what nickname did the Marines receive during the Rev war in 1776

Leatherneck

5

who did the Marines attack at Burma on the Shores of Tripoli

Barbary pirates (1805)

6

what year did the marines occupy the halls of montezuma

1847

7

who was in command at harpers ferry

col. Robert E Lee (1859)

8

when did the USMC adopt the EGA

1868

9

who modified the British royal marine emblem

BGen jacob Zeilin (7th commandant)

10

what was adopted in 1883

the official motto of the USMC. Temper Fidelis (latin)

11

what year was the Boxer Rebellion

1900

12

what did the Marines protect during the Boxer Rebellion

the Legation Quarter against attack

13

what year did the USMC ext. its aviation unit

1913

14

who was the USMC first pilot

Major alfred a cunningham

15

what year was the national security act created and amended

1947/1952

16

what year were the 5th & 6th MAR awarded the French Fourragere

1917

17

what year was the USMC reorganized into the FMF

1933

18

what did the the FMF formally est.

Command and Admin relations

19

what was est. at Quantico, VA.

the Marine Corps Equipment Board

20

where did the Marines land in 1965

Vietnam and dominican republic

21

what did the marines participate in during the vietnam war

pacification program designed to support the local populace

22

who did the marines evacuate from the dominican repub

US citizens

23

what year did marines deploy to lebanon

1982

24

why did the marines go to lebanon

restore peace in a war torn country

25

why did the marines go to lebanon

restore peace in a war torn country

26

what date was the suicide bombing in lebanon

23 OCT 1983

27

how many casualties resulted from the lebanon bombing

241 kia
70 wounded

28

what was the withdraw date from lebanon

july 1984

29

what year was operation desert storm

1991

30

why was desert storm launched

iraqi gov refused to comply w/ UN resolutions

31

what was the official name for the war in afghan

OEF

32

how and on what date did OEF begin

7 OCT 2001 - a mix of strikes from US and British air, ships and subs

33

what dates make up the invasion of iraq

mar 20 - may 1, 2003

34

who were the US allies during during the invasion of iraq

australia, poland, the kingdom

35

when was the first battle of Fallujah

april 2004

36

what was the operation name of the 1st battle off fallujah

operation vigilant resolve

37

what date was the second battle of fallujah

nov/dec 2004

38

what operations made up the second battle of fallujah

operation Phantom Fury
Operation Al-Fajir (the dawn)

39

the battle of belleu wood occurred during which war

WWI

40

what did the french rename belleu wood

the wood of the brigade of marines

41

what did the french rename belleu wood

the wood of the brigade of marines

42

german intel evaluated the marines as what

storm troops

43

germans referred to marines as what

teufelhunden "devil dog"

44

what date was the battle of guadalcanal

7 Aug 1942

45

where was the first land offensive of WWII

Guadalcanal and the Solomon Islands

46

what was the first 2 firsts of guadalcanal

1st US land offensive of WWII
1st combat test of new amphibious doctrine

47

why was the battle at guadalcanal a turning point in the war in pacific

provided a base to launch further invasions against the japanese empire

48

amphibious landings took place on what 3 islands after guadalcanal

New Georgia, Choiseul, Bougainville

49

amphibious landings took place on what 3 islands after guadalcanal

New Georgia, Choiseul, Bougainville

50

japan commander claimed "a million americans 100 years to conquer" what islands.

Tarawa atoll, Betio island

51

what date did the marines land on tarawa

20 nov 1943

52

how long did it take to secure tarawa atoll

76 hours

53

why was the battle of tarawa so deadly

Extended reef forced marines to offload hundreds of yards from the beaches, subjected to gunfire and drowning

54

what islands make up the Mariana's

Guam, Saipan, Tinian

55

what year were the mariana's invaded

summer 1943

56

why were the mariana's invaded

to provide needed air force and navy bases

57

who landed the invasion at tinian

LTGen Holland M. Smith

58

LTGen smith's invasion force totaled how many marines and soldiers

136,000

59

when was the battle of Iwa Jima

19 feb 1945

60

how many casualties did the USMC suffer during IWA Jima

23,300

61

what did Adm. Chester Nimitz say regarding Iwa Jima

"among the americans who served on Iwa Island, uncommon valor was a common virtue"

62

the battle of chosin reservoir took place during what year

nov 1950

63

who cut off the marines during the battle of chosin reservoir

chinese communist forces

64

how many div did the marines SMASH through during the battle of chosin

7/10

65

what was the major significance of the retrograde movement during chosin

brought out all operable equip
proper evac of wounded and dead
maintained tactical integrity

66

what date was the battle of hue city

jan 1968

67

what two cities were occupied during the holiday of TET

Hue and Citidel

68

Hue city was the first time marines fought in built up areas since what war

korean

69

what date was hue securred

25 feb 1968

70

what date was hue securred

25 feb 1968

71

what year did Brevet BGen Archibald Henderson become commandant

1820

72

how long did BGen henderson hold his command

39 years

73

what year did BGen henderson die

1859

74

BGen henderson led the marines through what events

indian wars, war w/mexico, opening of china, disorders in central america

75

what was archibald henderson's nickname

the grand old man of the marine corps

76

what 3 higher standard did Gen henderson introduce

Appearance
training
discipline

77

Gen henderson believed that marines were capable of more than what duties

sea and guard

78

SgtMaj quick is remembered for what performance

Cuzco well (guantanamo bay) - helped seize an advanced base for the atlantic fleet battalion of marines

79

why was SgtMaj quick awarded the MOH

Semphoring for an emergency lift of the naval bombardment while under spanish and american shellfire

80

what year did the capture of advanced bases become a primary mission of the USMC

1898

81

what was then gunny dan daly remembered for saying during the battle of belleau wood

come on you sons of bitches, do you want to live forever

82

where did SgtMaj daly earn 2 MOH

chinese boxer rebellion
first caco war in haiti

83

LTGen louis b puller earned what 2 nicknames

tiger of the mountains (1930)
chesty

84

how many marines were w chesty puller from nicaragua to the honduran border

32

85

who is recognized for prowess in aerial dogfights

Maj Gregory R "Pappy" boyington

86

Maj Boynton was in command of what

VMH-214 "black sheep"

87

how many victories (kills) did Maj boyington have

28 by 1945

88

who was in command of Ira Hayes

MajGen Harry Schmidt

89

Ira H. Hayes was a member of what

5th amphibious corps

90

what kind of indian was ira hayes

Pima

91

how was Cpl hayes immortalized

second flag raising on 23 feb 1945

92

who was the USMC 1st enlisted woman

opha mae johnson

93

what date did pvt johnson enlist

13 aug 1918

94

what was the official title of female enlisted marines

Marine Reserve F

95

what were the 2 common titles for female enlisted marines

skirt marines
marinettes

96

who served as the director of woman marines

Col. Margret A. brewer

97

what period did Col Margret Brewer serve as the director of WM

1973-1977

98

when did BGen brewer become the corps 1st general officer

11 may 1978

99

what was John H Bradley's rate/rank

pharmacist's mate second class

100

Joe Rosenthal's photo was used on posters to fund what

7th war loan bond drive

101

what flag raising did john bradley participate in

second

102

how did john bradley earn the navy cross

rushed through mortar and machine gun fire to shield a marine w/his body, administered blood plasma, bandaged wounds and drug the casualty 30yds to safety.

103

who did robert R ingram serve with

charlie Co. 1 battalion 7 marines

104

robert R Ingran was a MOH recipient for what actions on what date

28 mar 1966, quang ngai province, vietnam
- 100 NVA troops automatic fire
- shot through palm, administered aid, collected ammo, received 2 more wounds, 3rd wound fatal, sustained 4th wound aiding marine on right flank of platoon.
- worked 1600 to prior sunset, saved many lives.

105

how many bullet wounds did Robert Ingram sustain

4