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Flashcards in sec 106 first aid Deck (53):
1

what are the 9 general first aid rules

- get organized
- perliminary exam in found position
- ABC's/triage mas cas
- examine fractures
- remove clothing
- reassure/comfort victim
- PPE
- position PT on side or back
- carry litter feet first

2

triage id french word that means

to sort

3

where is tact triage primarily used

BAS

4

tact class I require what treatment

minor professional treatment

5

tact class II require what treatment

- moderate to immediate life-sustaining measures
- initially require minimal time and resources

6

tact class III require what treatment

definitive treatment. can be delayed w/out jeopardy to life & lim

7

tact class IV require what treatment

extensive treatment beyond immediate medical capabilities

8

non-tact priority 1 have what injuries

correctable life threatening illness/injury

9

non-tact priority II have what injuries

serious but not life threatening

10

non-tact priority III have what injuries

minor

11

non-tact priority IV have what injuries

dead or fatally injured

12

the primary survey is what kind of process

treat as you go

13

what is the "D/E" of ABC's

disability, Exposure

14

what are the early s/sy of shock

restlessness/apprehension followed by apathy

15

in hemorrhagic shock the pulse may reach how high

140 bpm

16

in neurogenic shock pulse is often below what

60 bpm

17

what is the usual BP and P in moderate shock

systolic 100

18

what should be remembered when treating a head wound

no meds
lay flat
do not raise feet
raise head slightly for breathing PRN
turn head if would is on side or back
no direct pressure to skull

19

how should a chest wound victim lay on the stretcher during combat

affected side

20

what is an ideal dressing for exposed intestines

large battle dressing

21

when splinting/support forearm fracture, the hand should be how high above elbow

4"

22

when should a humorous fracture be splinted in position found

when break is close to elbow (unless no distal pulse)

23

femur splint should be fastened in what 5 places

ankles
knee
below hip
pelvis
below armpit

24

if both tub/fib broken how many splints should be applied

3. each side and bottom

25

what are the two types half ring traction splints

hare and thomas

26

how fast do 1st degree burns usually heal

1 week

27

2nd degree burns are characterized by what

epidermal blisters
mottled appearance
red base

28

how long do 2nd degree burns to heal

2-3 weeks

29

3rd degree burns are considered...

full thickness

30

burns over 20% TBSA should be treated with what

LR

31

victims of major burns should receive what booster dose

tetanus toxoid

32

what should be spread over burns if vac will be delayed 2-3 days

1/16" thickness sulfamylon or silvadene

33

what should be given to a conscious PT suffering heat exhaustion

1 teaspoon salt in litter cool water

34

what is the most important feature of heat stroke

core temp of 105F

35

what breaks down during heat stroke

sweating mechanism

36

how does breathing progress during heat stroke

deep & rapid at first
Shallow almost absent later

37

how will the pupils appear during heat stroke

constricted

38

how will pulse feel during heat stroke

fast & strong

39

when providing first aid to heat stroke victims, what should be remembered

life & death emergency

40

discontinue cooling victim at what core temp

102F recheck every 10 min. repeat cooling if temp increase to 103F

41

death results when the core temp reaches what

80F

42

what should never be given to hypothermia PT

alcohol/TOB

43

immersion foot occurs from prolonged exposure to what temp range

just above freeze to 50F

44

when does frostbite occur

when ice crystals form in the skin or deeper tissues after exposure at 32F

45

what are the 2 frostbite classes

superficial
deep

46

when should a frostbitten area not be thawed

possibility of refreeze

47

when is a victim allowed to walk on frozen feet

when they have not thawed out

48

how much iodine should be used to clean water

1 tab clean water
2 tabs cloudy water

49

how much time should be allowed for an iodine tab to dissolve

5 min

50

when is boiled water safe to drink

rolling boil 15 sec

51

what are dimensions of cat hole

1' wide 1' deep

52

what are dimensions of straddle trench

4' long
1.5' deep
1' wide

53

what type of PT carries are there

firemens
one-man support
one-man arms
saddleback
pack strap
pistol belt
improvised stretcher