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Flashcards in Second LRC Deck (125)
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1

What are the four main quadrants of the abdominal wall?

-Craniodorsal quadrant
-Caudodorsal quadrant
-Cranioventral quadrant
-Caudoventral quadrant

2

Which of the following is part of the Cranial abdominal?

A. Xiphoid region
B. Umbilical region
C. Lateral abdominal regions (left and right)
D. Hypochondriac regions (left and right)
E. B and C
F. A and D

F. A and D

Xiphoid region and Hypochondriac regions (left and right)

3

What is part of the middle abdominal region?

-Umbilical region
-Lateral abdominal regions (left and right)

4

What is part of the caudal abdominal region?

-Pubic region
-Inguinal regions (left and right)

5

What are the four muscles of the abdominal wall?

1. External Abdominal Oblique
2. Internal Abdominal Oblique
3. Transversus Abdominis
4. Rectus Abdominis

6

True/ False. The fibers of the external abdominal oblique run cranioventral.

False. The fibers run caudoventral

7

What are the two tendons that make up the caudal border of the external abdominal oblique?

-Pelvic tendon
-Abdominal tendon

8

What are the three major openings that you can find in the aponeurosis of the external abdominal oblique?

-Muscular lacuna (iliopsoas m.)
-Vascular lacuna (femoral vv.)
-Superficial inguinal ring (vaginal process/ tunic)

9

Which of the following is the origin of the internal abdominal oblique?

A. tuber coxae + inguinal ligament + thoracolumbar fascia
B. ribs and thoracolumbar fascia
C. transverse process of lumbar vertebrae and thoracolumbar fascia
D. sternum and rib cartilages

A. tuber coxae + inguinal ligament + thoracolumbar fascia

10

Which muscle is considered to be a flexor of the vertebral column?

Rectus Abdominis

11

In which orientation do the fibers of the internal abdominal oblique run?

Cranioventral

12

What are the boundaries of the deep inguinal ring?

Cranial: caudal border of the internal abdominal oblique muscle
Medial: lateral border of the rectus abdominis muscle
Lateral and Caudal: inguinal ligament

13

True/False. The left paralumbar fossa gives access to the cecum in a horse.

False. The right paralumbar fossa gives access to the cecum in a horse

14

True/ Flase. The left paralumbar fossa gives access to the rumen in catle.

True

15

What is the cranioventral border of the paralumbar fossa in cattle?

A. tips of the lumbar transverse process
B. ridge of the internal abdominal oblique muscle
C. from the tuber coxae ventral end of the last rib
D. last rib

D. last rib

16

What are the borders of the paralumbar fossa in cattle?

-Base: tips of the lumbar transverse process
-Cranioventral: last rib
-Caudoventral: ridge of internal abdominal oblique muscle; from the tuber coxae to the ventral end of the last rib

17

What is the landmark for the paralumbar fossa in horses?

The tuber coxae

18

What is the caudal most edge of the pelvic tendon that attaches to the iliopubic eminence and prepubic tendon?

The inguinal ligament

19

What does the abdominal tendon of the external abdominal oblique contribute to that is most likely to rupture in a pregnant mare?

The prepubic tendon

20

Which muscle is most medially located (deepest) and has fibers that run transversely?

Transversus abdominis

21

Which muscle extends from the prepubic tendon to the sternum and is known as the "six pack" muscle due to its distinct transverse tendinous insertions?

Rectus Abdominis

22

The aponeurosis of which muscle(s) lie superficial to the rectus abdominis muscle near the pubis region?

A. Internal Abdominal Oblique
B. Transversus Abdominis
C. External Abdominal Oblique
D. All the above

D. All the above

23

True/False. The superficial inguinal ring is the opening in the aponeurosis of the internal abdominal oblique muscle located between the pelvic and abdominal tendons.

False. It is the opening in the aponeurosis of the external abdominal oblique muscle.

24

What is the deep fascia of the trunk that supports the heavy weight of the abdominal viscera in both the horse and ox and consist largely of elastic tissue?

Tunica flava abdominis

25

What ligament extends laterally from the prepubic tendon in the horse?

The accessory ligament of the femoral head

26

What is done if there is a build up of gas in the rumen and/or cecum?

A trochar is used to puncture the dorsal aspect of the paralumbar fossa to relieve pain and bloating associated with gas build-up

27

Which of the following is the vertebral formula for the dog?

A. C7- T13 - L6 - S6- Cd 21-23
B. C7- T13 - L7 - S3- Cd 20-23
C. C7- T18 - L6 - S5- Cd 15-21
D. C7- T13 - L6 - S5- Cd 18-20

C. C7- T13 - L7 - S3- Cd 20-23

28

What is the vertebral formula for bovine?

C7- T13 - L6 - S5- Cd 18-20

29

What is the vertebral formula for the horse?

C7- T18 - L6 - S5- Cd 15-21

30

What is the name of the degenerative disease found mainly in the thoracic, lumbar and lumbosacral regions of the vertebrae?

Spondylosis deformans