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Flashcards in Second partial Deck (30):
1

Which was the first Latin American Independence?

Haiti's independence

2

Why is Haiti's independence important?

It is the only independence in which slaves (Africans / African-Americans) are the rebels

3

After its independence, Haiti became what?

A republic

4

What is Brazil's independence most important characteristic?

It was non-violent, only political

5

Who declared independence in Brazil?

Dom Pedro I, son of King John VI of Portugal

6

After its independence, Brazil becomes what?

A constitutional monarchy

7

During the colonization, how were the social classes organized in New Spain?

-Peninsulares (Spanish)
-Criollos (Spanish born in New Spain)
-Mestizos (Mix)
-Indigenous people
-Slaves

8

What were some of the causes for the Mexican independence?

-Napoleon invaded Spain
-Economic crisis in Spain due to the Spanish reforms
-Social tensions between criollos and peninsulares
-Enlightenment ideals

9

What as an important economical factor in New Spain?

The production of gold & silver

10

What were the Bourbonic Reforms?

Taxes that left New Spain in bankrupcy

11

Why were the Jesuits expelled from Spain?

Their education was seen as an imposition by Spain, because it was free for everyone and very liberal

12

What is the name of the constitution that played an important role in the Mexican independence?

Cadiz Constitution

13

When and who gave the Grito de Dolores?

Miguel Hidalgo on September 16th, 1810

14

Who took military control during the first stage of the Mexican independence?

Allende

15

What was the purpose of the "Sentimientos de la Nación", written by Morelos?

To officially declare independence from Spain

16

In 1814, the Constitution of Apatzingán, establishes what?

The power is divided into three branches: executive, judicial and legislative

17

Which character, originally a Peninsular, joins the Insurgents, and with which famous event?

Iturbide in el Abrazo de Acatempan, on February, 1821

18

Which document officially establishes Mexican Independence?

Tratado de Córdoba: September 21st, 1821

19

What was Simon Bolivar's main goal?

Unify all of South America into one single country called Gran Colombia

20

Which Spanish royal family member wanted Argentinian independence?

Carlota Joaquina

21

What was the Manifest Destiny?

Document that said that America was destined to spread its values and institutions across the continent

22

Who wrote the Monroe Doctrine?

John Quincy Adams

23

What was the Monroe Doctrine?

Document that said that if Europeans tried to invade America, it would be considered as an act of war and intervene

24

What was the Monroe Doctrine's purpose?

To expand its territories and promote American settlement in the west

25

What was the United State's main purpose for the Mexican-American War?

Acquire Texas and California, among other territories

26

What was the Indian Removal Act?

Act that forced Indians to move to the west

27

Who were the two sides during the Civil War?

North vs. South

28

During the Civil War, why did the northern states opposed expansion in the west?

They didn't want expansion in slavery

29

Who won the Civil War?

The North (Abraham Lincoln)

30

What was the main consequence of the Civil War?

End of slavery