Section 1 - Rivers (Drainage Basins) Flashcards Preview

GCSE Geography - Rivers and Coasts > Section 1 - Rivers (Drainage Basins) > Flashcards

Flashcards in Section 1 - Rivers (Drainage Basins) Deck (13):
1

Inputs of water to the drainage basin

•precipitation

2

The flows/transfers in a drainage basin

•surface runoff
•channel flow
•infiltration
•through flow
•groundwater flow
•percolation

3

The stores in a drainage basin

•channel storage
•groundwater storage
•interception storage
•surface storage

4

The outputs of a drainage basin

•evaporation
•transpiration
•river flow into the sea

5

Drainage basins are separated by...

Watersheds

6

What are watersheds?

Ridges of high land, water falling over either side of the ridges with fall into different drainage basins

7

Name 6 key features of a drainage basin

•watershed
•source
•tributary
•confluence
•channel
•mouth

8

What is a source?

Where a river starts, usually in an upland area

9

What is a tributary?

A smaller river that joins the main river

10

What is a confluence?

A point where 2 rivers meet

11

What is a channel?

The main river flowing through the basin

12

What is the mouth?

Where a river flows into the sea or a lake

13

What is a drainage basin?

The area of land drained by a river, an open system, the part of the hydro cycle that happens on land