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Flashcards in Section 3 Deck (60)
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1

ἀνήρ (ἀνδρ-), ὁ

man (3a)

2

γείτων (γειτον-), ὁ

neighbour (3a)

3

λαμπάς (λαμπαδ-), ἡ

torch (3a)

4

λιμήν (λιμεν-), ὁ

harbour (3a)

5

νύξ (νυκτ-), ἡ

night (3a)

6

παῖς (παιδ-), ὁ

child, slave (3a)

7

πατρίς (πατριδ-), ἡ

fatherland (3a)

8

σωτήρ (σωτηρ-), ὁ

saviour (3a)

9

Third declension noun endings

              s.      p(m/f)   p(n)   
Nom    -ς      –ες       -α
Acc     -α      –ας       -α
Gen    -ος    –ων       -ων
Dat      -ι      –σι (ν)    -σι(ν)

 

10

Declension of 3a - ὁ λιμήν (λιμεν-)

s.
Nom. λιμήν 
Acc. λιμέν-α 
Gen. λιμέν-ος 
Dat. λιμέν-ι 

p.
Nom. λιμέν-ες 
Acc. λιμέν-ας 
Gen. λιμέν-ων 
Dat. λιμέσι(ν) [< λιμέν-σι(ν)] 

11

Declension of 3a - ἡ νύξ (νυκτ-)

s.   
Nom νύξ   
Acc νύκτ-α   
Gen νυκτ-ός   
Dat νυκτ-ί   
Voc νύξ   

p.    
Nom νύκτ-ες   
Acc νύκτ-ας   
Gen νυκτ-ῶν   
Dat νυξί(ν) [< νυκτ-σί(ν)]  

12

Declension of ἐγώ ‘I/me’ 

s.    
Nom. ἐγώ   
Acc. με or ἐμέ   
Gen. μου or ἐμοῦ    
Dat. μοι or ἐμοί   

13

Declension of σύ ‘you’

s.   
Nom. σύ      
Acc. σέ    
Gen. σοῦ      
Dat. σοί  

14

Declension of ἡμεῖς ‘we/us’

p.   
Nom. ἡμεῖς 
Acc. ἡμᾶς   
Gen. ἡμῶν    
Dat. ἡμῖν   

15

Declension of ὑμεῖς ‘you’ (ῡ)

p.    
Nom. ὑμεῖς   
Acc. ὑμᾶς   
Gen. ὑμῶν   
Dat. ὑμῖν  

16

Form and use: ἐγώ and σύ

- ἐμέ, ἐμοῦ, ἐμοί and σέ, σοῦ, σοί are emphatic forms. με, μου, μοι and σε, σου, σοι unemphatic, e.g. ‘He is watching me’ (με); ‘Whom is he watching? Me!’ (ἐμέ). 
- The unaccented forms of these pronouns are ‘enclitics’. They can never begin a sentence or clause.
- The emphatic usage of the nom. forms often implies a strong contrast with someone or something else. 

17

Sound rules for σ and third declension noun endings

Many third declension nouns have stems ending in a DENTAL consonant: 

- dental STOP: –τ/-δ/-θ 
- dental NASAL: –ν 

When σ follows a dental stop consonant, the dental disappears and the σ remains: 

- eg δ + σ = σ 

A similar process occurs when σ follows –ν, only sometimes (usually in the nominative singular) it is the σ that disappears: 

- ν + σ = ν. 

This often (not always!) leads to COMPENSATORY LENGTHENING of a nearby short vowel. 

18

οὕτως 

in this way 

19

ἀφικνέομαι

arrive at; come to; reach

20

κίνδῡνος, ὁ

danger; hazard (2a)

21

χωρέω

come; go; 

22

δεινός -ή -όν

dire, terrible 

23

οἰκίᾱ, ἡ

building, house, dwelling

24

φαίνομαι

appear 

25

ἄγε / ἄγετε 

come! (s., p.)

Imperative of ἄγω

26

ἄγω

lead, carry, fetch, bring

27

ἐρωτάω (ἐπ-)

ask

28

ἰδού

look! hey! behold! see there!

29

νῆσος, ἡ

island (2a)

30

πόθεν;

from where?

31

πυρά, τά

fire-signals (2b)

32

σπεύδω

hurry; set going, urge on, hasten

33

ἤδη

already; by this time

34

εὖ οἶδα ὅτι 

I know this/that well

35

εὖ

well (eg to know well)

36

θόρυβος, ὁ

 

noise, din, hustle and bustle (2a)

37

οἴκαδε

homewards

38

ὅπλα, τὰ

weapons, arms

39

πορεύομαι

march, journey, go 

40

ἅλλος η ο

other; the rest of 

41

ἐγγύς (+gen)

near, nearby

42

εἰπέ

speak! tell me!

43

Λακεδαιμόνιος, ὁ

Spartan (2a)

44

λαμβάνω (λαβ-)

take, capture 

45

μανθάνω (μαθ-)

learn, understand

46

ναυτικός -ή -όν

naval

47

τέχνη, ἡ

skill, art, expertise

48

ἄλλος η ο

other, rest of 

49

ἄλλως

otherwise

50

ἀποκρίνομαι

answer

51

γὰρ δὴ

really, I assure you

52

γεωργός, ὁ

farmer (2a)

53

θαλάττιος -α -ον

sea, of the sea, maritime

54

καὶ δὲ καὶ

and moreover

55

κρατέω

hold sway, power

56

μελετάω

I practice

57

μελετή, ἡ

practice

58

ναυτικόν, τὸ

navigation, sea-faring (2b)

59

ῥᾳδίως

easily

60

συνέρχομαι

assemble, come together, swarm