Section 4.1 Neurotransmitters Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Section 4.1 Neurotransmitters Deck (14):
1

most common excitatory neurotransmitter in the nervous system

glutamate

2

most common inhibitory neurotransmitter in the spinal cord

glycine

3

Most common inhibitory neurotransmitter in the brain

GABA (Y-aminobutyric acid)

4

List of Amino Acid Neurotransmitters

Glutamate,
Glycine,
GABA,
D-serine,
Aspartate

5

Peptide Neurotransmitters

Largest
Chains of amino acids

6

Mono Amine Neurotransmitters

involved in attention, cognition/thinking, emotion, consciousness

7

List of Peptide neurotransmitters

opiods,
somatostatin,
Substance P

8

List of Mono Amine Neurotransmitters

Serotonin, Histamine, Dopamine, Epinephrine, Norepinephrine

9

Catecholamines

subgroup of mono-amine transmitters that have a benzene ring and 2 hydroxyl groups,
derived from the amino acid Tyrosine

10

List of Catecholamine

Dopamine,
Epinephrine,
Norepinephrine

11

Gasotransmitters

small molecules of gas, freely permeable to membranes, do not rely on membrane receptors

12

List of Gasotransmitters

nitric oxide, carbon monoxide

13

Neurotransmitter that functions in both CNS and PNS, involved in the ANS, involved in the motor neurons that synapse on the skeletal muscle

Acetylcholine

14

Neurotransmitters that do not fit into other categories

acetylcholine, Adenosine