Section 5 - Sport Psychology Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Section 5 - Sport Psychology Deck (37)
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1

What is a skill ?

an ability learnt through practice

2

What is an ability ?

a person's set of characteristics that affect their potential to learn a skill

3

What are the 3 stages of learning ?

- cognitive stage = just started learning (beginner)
- associative stage = learnt the techniques and focusing on improving them
- autonomous stage = experienced at skill and can almost do it automatically

4

What are the different types of skill e.g. open/closed ?

- open / closed
- basic / complex
- low / high organisation
- self / externally paced
- gross / fine

5

What are open / closed skills ?

open = changing environment, have to adapt based on external factors

closed = not affected by external factors

6

What are basic / complex skills ?

basic = doesn't require much concentration (running)

complex = lots of concentration (volley in football)

7

What are low / high organisation skills ?

low = easily broken down into steps (front crawl)

high = can't be broken down (cartwheel)

8

What are self / externally paced skills ?

self = performer decides when to start

external = starts because of external factors

9

What are gross / fine skills ?

gross = involves power and large muscle groups (long jump)

fine = involves smaller muscle groups and accuracy (darts)

10

What are the 6 different types of practice ?

- massed
- distributed
- fixed
- variable
- whole
- part

11

What is massed practice ?

practicing without a break - works best on beginners

12

What is distributed practice ?

practicing with breaks for rest - works well for complex skills due to the difficulty

13

What is fixed practice ?

repeating the same technique in one situation - useful for closed skills

14

What is variable practice ?

repeating technique in different situations - useful for open skills

15

What is whole practice ?

practicing the whole technique in one go - good for basic skills

16

What is part practice ?

breaking the skill down and practicing each part separately

17

Why do people goal set ?

- gives you something to aim for
- reaching goals give you confidence

18

What are performance goals ?

improving your own personal performance

19

What are outcome goals ?

performing better than other people e.g. winning

20

What are performance goals usually better ?

- more realistic (for beginners)
- you can control the outcome goal e.g. jump 5cm further

21

What is used to help goal set ?

Specific - target and training plan

Measurable - how much progress has been made

Accepted / achievable - agreed with coach

Realistic - you can reach them, physically able, resources, time, facilities

Time-bound - set a deadline for your goal, keeps you motivated

22

What are the advantages and disadvantages of VERBAL guidance ?

Advantages
- combined with other type of guidance
- helpful for experienced learns (technical lang.)
- can be given during demonstration

Disadvantages
- less useful for high organisation and complex skills
- confusing to beginners

23

What are the advantages and disadvantages of VISUAL guidance ?

Advantages
- good for beginners (can copy skill)
- can teach low organisation skills

Disadvantages
- bad for high organisation and complex skills

24

What are the advantages and disadvantages of MANUAL guidance ?

Advantages
- get the 'feel'
- works for all skill levels

Disadvantages
- performers begin to rely on it
- difficult in big groups

25

What are the advantages and disadvantages of MECHANICAL guidance ?

Advantages
- useful for beginners because they feel safe when practicing dangerous skills
- good for high organisation and complex skills

Disadvantages
- may not be able to perform skills without equipment
- difficult in larger groups

26

What are the types of feedback ?

- intrinsic
- extrinsic
- concurrent
- terminal
- positive
- negative

27

What is intrinsic feedback ?

what it 'feels' like - best for experienced performers - they can judge whether they've done well

28

What is extrinsic feedback ?

someone else tells you how you've done - suited to beginners

29

What is concurrent feedback ?

received during a performance

30

What is terminal feedback ?

received after a performance