Section 4 - Healthy, Fitness and Well-being Flashcards Preview

AQA GCSE PE > Section 4 - Healthy, Fitness and Well-being > Flashcards

Flashcards in Section 4 - Healthy, Fitness and Well-being Deck (35):
1

What are the benefits of being physically healthy ?

- body's organs work well
- don't suffer from illness, disease or injury
- strong and fit enough to complete everyday actiities
- reduce the risk of obesity
- more flexible muscles

2

What long term health risks does exercise reduce ?

- high blood pressure
- helps remove cholesterol which reduces CHD
- osteoporosis
- obesity
- type 2 diabetes

3

What are the benefits of being mentally healthy ?

- feeling confident
- manage emotions / emotional stable
- not too much stress or anxiety
- no mental illness

4

What effects does exercise have on mental health ?

- increase self esteem
- competing improves your ability to deal with pressure
- helps relieve stress
- level of endorphins increases
- level of serotonin increases (in brain)

5

What are the benefits of being socially healthy ?

- have friends
- have worth in community
- food, shelter, clothing

6

What effects does exercise have on social health ?

- helps you make friends (from different backgrounds)
- helps with teamwork
- learn new skills which links with work success

7

What is the acronym for key lifestyle choices ?

Diet
Recreational drugs (alcohol nicotine)
Activity level
Work / Rest / Sleep balance

8

What are the effects your diet has on your body ?

- balanced diet supports healthy lifestyle
- right nutrients provide energy
- fats, sugar, salt have negative effects and increase risk of obesity
- not eating enough = malnutrition

9

What are the effects recreational drugs have on your body ?

ALCOHOL :
- affects coordination, speech, judgement
- large amounts increases blood pressure
- heavy drinking damages liver, heart, muscles, brain, digestive and immune system

SMOKING :
- damages cells in lungs (cilia)
- increased risk of infection and bronchitis & pneumonia
- damage alveoli
- risk of lung cancer
- addictive nicotine = increased heart rate, blood pressure

10

What are the effects activity level has on your body ?

- increases health

11

What are the effects work / rest / sleep balance has n your body ?

- rest relieves stress / anxiety
- stress = high blood pressure
- stress affects emotional / metal health
- insomnia causes depression
- rest allows body to recover
- lack of sleep = lack of concentration , coordination

12

What is a sedentary lifestyle ?

not exercising enough

13

What are the effects of a sedentary lifestyle ?

overweight, overfat, obese
- strains cardiovascular system
- high cholesterol
- risk of strokes
- type 2 diabetes
- cancers
- decreases speed, flexibility, agility
- lose muscle tone
- poor sleep
- depression

14

State some facts about health issues

- 1993 to 2009, women has higher obesity rate than men
- 2010 men had higher obesity rates than women

15

What is a balanced diet ?

a balanced diet contains the best ratio of nutrients to match you lifestyle

16

What are the 2 types of nutrients ?

MACROnutrients - protein (15% - 20%), fats (25%v - 30%), carbs (55% - 60%)

MICROnutrients - vitamins, minerals

17

What do carbs, fats and proteins have in common ?

they all give you engery

18

What to carbs do ?

- provide energy to muscles
- some get used straight away
- others are stored in the liver and muscles or turnd into fat

19

What do fats do ?

- made from fatty acids
- provide energy for low intensity exercise
- keep body warm
- protect organs
- absorb certain vitamins
- source of omega 3 and 6

20

What does protein do ?

- helps with growth and repair
- repair muscle after exercise
- make amino acids

21

What do vitamins do ?

help your bones, teeth, skin and tissues to grow

22

What does vitamin A do ?

- growth and vision

23

What does vitamin D do ?

- strong bones
- prevent injuries

24

What does vitamin C do ?

- good for skin
- helps immune system
- helps you stay healthy

25

What do minerals do ?

- help bones, teeth and tissue
- help in chemical reactions

26

What does calcium do ?

- strengthens bones and teeth
- strengthens muscle contractions

27

What doe iron do ?

- making red blood cells

28

What does water do ?

- chemical reactions e.g. sweat
- prevent dehydration which leads to thinker blood and less blood flow to the muscles
- decreases body temp
- prevents muscle fatigue
- prevents slow reaction

29

What does fibre do ?

- helps digestive system

30

What is a mesomorph ?

- wide shoulders
- muscular
- strong
- not much body fat

31

What is an ectomorph ?

- narrow shoulders, hips, chest
- not much muscle or fat
- long, thin arms and legs

32

What is an endomorph ?

- wide hips
- narrow shoulders
- lot of fat on body, arms, legs
- thin ankles, wrists

33

What 4 things does optimum weight depend on ?

- height : taller = larger body = higher ow
- bone structure : larger bones = more dense = heavier skeleton = high ow
- muscle girth : more muscle = bigger circumference = higher ow
- gender : men = larger bone structure + more muscle = higher ow

34

What are the categories of weight on the BMI ?

- under 18.5 = underweight
- over 25 = overweight
- over 30 = obese

35

What is BMI not an accurate representation ?

doesn't take into account muscle girth and bone structure