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Flashcards in Semantics Deck (7)
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1

Semantics

Accounts for the meaning of utterances

2

Inverse marker

Changing an ending but not changing word order to denote a reversal in the roles

3

Subjunctive marker

changes verb tense because it is hypothetical

French, Spanish

4

Evidential markers

Affixes that denote where the information was learned (hearing, seeing, supposing)

5

Ergative Language

One that treats the subject of an intransitive verb like the object of a transitive verb, while maintaining the same word order. 

She slept

Sheq saw she. (if there was no 'her')

6

Subjects

Agent: The dog bit the man

Theme: The man was bitten by the dog

Experiencer: Jocelyn likes peaches

Location: I shot the bullet into the jello

Goal: Hilda got a puppy

Instrument: The job expanded his possibilities

7

Thematic Roles

Verbs assign thematic roles to the nouns on either side

I like apples: Experiencer, theme

Me gustan las manzanas: Experiencer, source