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Flashcards in ServSafe Deck (31):
1

2 main BACTERIA prevented by less cross-contamination.

Nontyphoidal salmonella
Salmonella typhi

2

2 main BACTERIA prevented by better personal hygiene.

Shigella spp.
Staphylococcus auerus

3

Main BACTERIA prevented by purchasing from approved suppliers.

Vibrio vulnificus
Vibrio parahaemolyticus

4

2 main VIRUSES and their prevention.

Hep A
Norovirus

Prevented by better personal hygiene

5

4 main parasites and their main prevention

Anisakis simplex
Cryptosporidium parvum
Giardia duodenalis
Cyclospora cayetanensis

Prevention: approved suppliers

6

5 main TOXINS and their main prevention.

Histamine
Ciguatoxin
Saxitoxin
Brevetoxin
Domoic acid

7

What are the "Big 6" by FDA?

Shigella
Salmonella typhi
Nontyphoidal salmonella
Shiga toxin e. Coli
Hep A
Norovirus

8

Caused from cooked rice dishes, milk, meat, and cooked veg.
Watery diarrhea OR N/V
Prevent: cook, hold, cool

Bacillus cereus

9

From dirt, water, plants
From raw meat, raw dairy, RTE meats/cheeses
Miscarriage and newborn probs
Prevent: cook meat, throw out bad meat, less CC, no raw dairy

Listeria monocytogenes

10

In cattle intestines
Raw ground beef and contaminated produce
Diarrhea, ab cramps, kidney fails
Cook, purchase, less CC, stop workers

Shiga toxin producing E. coli

11

In poultry, contaminated water, meats, stew, gravy
Diarrhea, ab cramps, fever, vomit, headache
Cook and less CC to RTE food

Campylobacter jejuni

12

Spores in dirt, animal and human intestines
From meat, poultry, stew and gravy dishes
Diarrhea and ab pain
Cool/heat, hold

Clostridium perfringens

13

Spores in dirt and water, anaerobic
From bad canning, ROP, temp abused veg baked po , garlic and oil mixes
N/V becomes weak, double vision, and hard to talk
Hold, cool, reheat, and inspect cans

Clostridium botulinum

14

From farm animals
Poultry, eggs, meat, milk, dairy, tomatoes, peppers, cantaloupes
Diarrhea, ab cramps, vomit, fever
Cook, less CC, less workers

Nontyphoidal salmonella

15

Only in people from typhoid fever
From RTE foods, beverages
Fever, weak, ab pain, headache, rash, less appetite
Less workers!, wash hands, cook

Salmonella typhi

16

Sick human feces (flies)
Foods that touch hands, salads of TCS foods, produce with bad water
Less infected workers, wash hands, good
Hygiene, control flies

Shigella spp.

17

6 main BACTERIA prevented with time and temp control.

Bacillus cereus
Listeria monocytogenes
Shiga toxin E. coli
Clostridium perfringens
Clostridium botulinum
Campylobacter jejuni

18

Hair nose throat of humans, and cuts
Salads with TCS foods and deli meat
N/V and retching, abdominal cramps
Wash hands, cover wounds, hold, cool, reheat foods

Staphylococcus aureus

19

Water of shellfish harvest
Bacteria
Dangerous for DM or cirrhosis
Oysters from bad water
Diarrhea, ab cramps, N/V, low fever and chills
Cook oysters to temp, approved vendor

Vibrio vulnificus And parahaemolyticus

20

Virus in infected human feces
Shellfish in bad water, RTE foods
No symptoms for weeks!, mild fever, weak, nausea, ab pain, jaundice

Hep A

21

Virus very contagious and s/s within hours!
RTE foods and shellfish in contaminated water
N/V, diarrhea, ab cramps
Less workers, wash hands, gloves, approved vendors

Norovirus

22

Parasite from raw fish, herring, cod, halibut, mackerel, pacific salmon
Tingling throat and coughing worms
Cook fish and buy sushi grade

Anisakis simplex

23

From human feces, person spread parasite
Bad water and produce (
Watery diarrhea, ab cramps, N, lose wt
Less workers, wash hands, use good water

Cryptosporidium parvum

24

Parasite in human feces
Bad water and produce
Fever the. Diarrhea, N, and ab cramps
Use good water, less workers, wash hands

Giardia duodenalis

25

Bad water or human feces
Produce that is washed or irrigated (berries, basil, lettuce) , bad water
N, ab cramps, mild fever, diarrhea and constipation, lose wt and appetite
Good vendors, less workers, wash hands

Cyclospora cayetanensis

26

Toxin in scombroid fish
Tuna, mackerel, mahimahi, bonita
Red face, sweat, headache, burn tingle mouth and throat, diarrhea and vomiting
T/T during prep and storage

Histamine

27

In marine algae, build up in big fish
Predator tropical reef fish (pacific Indian carribeean) barracuda grouper jacks snapper
Hot/cold flashes, N/V, tingle fingers/lips/toes, joint and muscle pain
Approved vendors

Ciguatoxin

28

Filtered toxic algae
Cold water shellfish (pacific and New England)- clams, mussels, oysters, scallops
Numb, tingle face/arms/legs, dizzy,N/V, diarrhea
Approved vendors

Saxitoxin

29

Warm water shellfish from Florida, Mexico, Caribbean (clams, mussels, oysters)
Tingle lips/tongue/throat, dizzy, hot/cold, vomit, diarrhea
Approved vendors

Brevetoxin

30

Shellfish from pacific NW, and east Canada(clam, mussels, scallops, oysters)
Ab pain, vomit, diarrhea, confused, lose memory, seizure, coma
Approved vendors

Domoic acid

31

What are the big eight allergens?

Milk, eggs, fish, crustaceans shellfish, wheat, soy, peanuts, tree nuts.