Session 4 - The TMJ and infratemporal fossa Flashcards Preview

ESA 4 - Head and Neck > Session 4 - The TMJ and infratemporal fossa > Flashcards

Flashcards in Session 4 - The TMJ and infratemporal fossa Deck (11)
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What does the TMJ allow the jaw to do? What is the TMJ formed of?

Allows opening, closing and a side to side movement of mouth

TMJ formed by articulation of temporal bone of cranium and the mandible.


What are 3 articulations in the TMJ?

Mandibular fossa
Anterior tubercle of the squamous temporal bone
Head of mandible



Describe the nature of the TMJ joint

Unique mechanism – articular surfaces of bone never in contact with each other and separated by an articular disk, splitting joint into two synovial joint cavities each lined by a synovial membrane


What is the articular disk made of?

Dense fibrous CT with the same composition of fibrocartiliage lining articulatory surfaces



What muscles are reponsible for protrusion and retraction of the mandible?

Lateral pterygoid muscle – protrusion
Geniohyoid and digastric muscle – retraction


What muscles are responsible for elevation and depression of the mandible?

Depression caused mostly by gravity. If there is resistance, digastric, geniohyoid and mylohyoid muscles assist.
Elevation is caused by contraction of temporalis, masseter, and medial pterygoid.


What happens in a dislocation of the TMJ? What nerves run close to the joint and could be injured via trauma?

Head of mandible slips out of mandibular fossa and is pulled anteriorly. Patient unable to close mouth

Facial and auriculotemporal nerves 


Why is an infection of the pterygoid region a danger to the eye?

pterygoid venous plexus connects to opthalmic and anterior facial veins. Pus inside pterygoid venous plexus raises pressure inside opthalmic veins or lead to cavernous sinus thrombosis, resulting in paralysis of extraocular muscles