Seventh Chords in Major and Minor Keys Flashcards Preview

AP Music Theory > Seventh Chords in Major and Minor Keys > Flashcards

Flashcards in Seventh Chords in Major and Minor Keys Deck (13):
1

seventh chords

- seventh chords add an additional third on top, with four notes possible there are more potential combinations
- 4 pitches
- quality of the triad plus the quality of the 7th

2

MM7

- major-major seventh chord
- major triad with a major seventh added to it (also known as major 7)
- ex. is C, E, G, B

3

Mm7

- Major-Minor-seventh chord
- major triad with a minor seventh (also known as dominant 7)
- ex. C, E, G, Bb

4

mm7

- minor-minor-seventh chord
- minor triad with minor seventh (also known as minor 7)
- ex. C, Eb, G, Bb

5

Dm7

- diminished-minor- (half) seventh
- diminished triad with a minor seventh (also known as half diminished 7)
- Ex. C, Eb, Gb, Bb

6

Dd7

- diminished-diminished-seventh chord
- diminished triad with a diminished seventh (also known as the fully diminished 7)
- Ex. C, Eb, Gb, Bbb

7

seventh chords from a major key, grouped by quality

- major 7: I^M7 and IV^M7
- minor 7: ii^7, iii^7, vi^7
- dominant 7: V^7
- half-diminished seventh chord: vii^o7

8

seventh chords from a major key grouped by quality

- Major 7: III^M7, VI^M7
- minor 7: i^7, iv^7
- fully diminished: vii^o7
- this is created by borrowing the leading tone form the harmonic minor
- half diminished: ii^o7
- dominant: V^7
- this is created by borrowing the leading tone from the harmonic minor

9

how many pitches do seventh chords have?

- 4

10

seventh chords are named by the quality of the _________ plus the quality of the __________

- triad, 7th

11

in major keys, the major 7th (MM7) chords are built on scale degrees ______ and ______

- 1, 4

12

in minor keys, the minor 7th (mm7) chords are built on scale degrees ______ and _______

- 2, 6

13

to identify the interval of a 7th chord, try inverting it or subtract 1/2 steps from the octave
for example, o7 becomes

- augmented 2

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