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Flashcards in (SI) Obedience Deck (15)
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1
Q

What is obedience?

A

Result of social influence whereby somebody acts in response to a direct order from an authority figure

2
Q

What is a situational variable?

A

Relating to the location and surroundings of a place

3
Q

What is a dispositional variable?

A

State of somebody’s mind; characteristics, personality traits

4
Q

Name an experiment done into obedience? (Situational)

A

Milgram - Shock Experiment (1962)

5
Q

Explain Milgram’s experiment

A
  • 40 American men given the role of Teacher through fixed draw
  • Ordered to give (fake) shocks to Learner (Confederate)
  • Shocks increased with 15V with each mistake on memory task, up to 450V (Foot in the door phenomena)
  • No participant stopped before 300V - 65% went to 450V
6
Q

Explain the factors of Milgram’s Experiment

A

Proximity - Close to authority figure, far from learner, increases obedience
Buffer - Placed between Teacher and Learner - can’t see consequences of actions - increased obedience
Authority Figure wore uniform
Agentic Shift - Experimenter stated he would take all responsibility for what happens - increased obedience

7
Q

Evaluate Milgram’s experiment

A

+ Highly controlled
+ Highly replicable

  • Ethical issues - protection from harm, difficult to withdraw, deception (told it was to investigate learning when pain was a punishment)
  • Highly artificial
8
Q

Name 2 experiments done to support Milgram’s Experiment

A

Hofling et al - Obedient Nurses

Bickman - Power of Uniforms

9
Q

Explain the ‘Obedient Nurses’ Experiment

A
  • Participant (nurse) would receive a phone call from an unknown doctor, who asked her to administer (20g) of a drug that was unknown, giving twice the maximum dose allowed
  • 95% of nurses gave (harmless) medication
10
Q

Give an experiment, and explain, that disproves the ‘Obedient Nurses’ Experiment

A

Rank and Jacobson

  • Done it again, with a drug that doctors know
  • 2 of 18 nurses gave that drug
11
Q

Explain Bickman’s experiment

A
  • 3 male experimenters gave orders to pedestrians in New York
  • Dressed in either civilian-wear, a milkman’s uniform or a police uniform
  • Obedience was highest when they were dressed in the police uniform
12
Q

Name a theory and study done into Dispositional Factors

A

Adorno’ Study

Authoritarian Personality

13
Q

Explain the ‘authoritarian personality’

A

1) Overly strict parenting - Critical of child’s behaviour, then child internalises this and expects everyone else to behave like this
2) Conditional love - Child only receives love when behaving correctly
3) Child feels some hostility towards parents because of this, but takes this out on those of a lower social status than themselves
(Scapegoating - relieving anxiety and hostility on those considered lower than themselves)

14
Q

Explain the research done into the ‘authoritarian personality’ theory

A
  • Spoke to 2000 middle-class white Americans and created a ‘Fascist-Scale’ - high score meaning authoritarian personality
  • Gave this to those of Milgram’s study before they participated
  • Strong correlation between those with an authoritarian personality and those that were obedient
15
Q

Evaluate Adorno’s research

A
  • Political bias - F-scale measures right wing attitudes - there were left wing people with Authoritarian Personality
  • Sampling issues - population bias - only middle-class Americans used + 2000 of them