In what situation is conformity less likely?
Less likely when a dissenter (someone who states they do not agree with social group) speaks out
In what situation is obedience less likely?
When a form of social support challenges the legitimacy to authority
(Presence of people who resist pressures to conform or obey can help others resist conforming or obeying)
Explain the variation of Asch’s Line Study that supports the idea of resisting social influence
1 confederate gave the correct answer - conformity decreased to 5.5%
Explain the variation of Milgram’s study that supports the idea of resisting social influence
2 Teachers were giving the electric shocks (1 confederate)
When 1 teacher said no (confederate), obedience dropped to 10% from the true participant
Who come up with the theory of the ‘Locus of Control’?
Explain the theory of the ‘Locus of Control’
- Refers to individual differences in people’s beliefs that make them more or less likely to conform or obey
- Internal LOC - Believe they are in control of what happens (more likely to disobey - need less social approval from others)
- External LOC - Believe they are not in control - happens because of chance or luck (more likely to obey - need more social approval from others)